123 TEN Risky contacts Marika Hanne Lüders, Petter Bae Brandtzæg and Elza Dunkels introduction One of the anxieties regarding children’s internet use relates to the potential for risky contacts (see, for example, EC, 2008). This chapter critically reviews the latest findings and theories on children’s risky contacts with adults and children – grooming, harassment and meetings – in order to identify who is really at risk from what. Two primary types of risks will be discussed: children and young people as victims of aggressive communication and as victims of
became framed by the British Association of Social Workers (BASW) as ethical and human rights issues and, as a result, in 2016 it commissioned The Role of the Social Worker in Adoption – Ethics and Human Rights: An Enquiry . A key theme that emerged from the enquiry was concern that there is little direct face-to-face contact between birth families and adoptive families once the adoption is finalised legally in England, Scotland and Wales, although the situation in Northern Ireland differs, as we will explore. Letterbox contact, where letters are exchanged once or
177 FOURTEEN Meeting new contacts online Monica Barbovschi, Valentina Marinescu, Anca Velicu and Eva Laszlo introduction This chapter investigates children’s practices related to meeting face- to-face (offline), contacts previously met on the internet. ‘Stranger danger’ has been part of the collective imaginaries of citizens, the media, concerned parents and caregivers, teachers and youth workers, non-governmental organisations and regulators. It has frequently been exaggerated by the media based on a relatively few cautionary tales that have sparked
Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) refers to the proportional overrepresentation of minority youth at each step of the juvenile justice system.
This book addresses the issue of color-blind racism through an examination of the circular logic used by the juvenile justice system to criminalize non-White youth.
Drawing on original data, including interviews with court and probation officers and juvenile self-reports, the authors call for a need to understand racial and ethnic inequality in the juvenile justice system from a structural perspective rather than simply at the level of individual bias.
This unique research will contribute to larger discussions on how race operates in the United States.
brief summary is given of the extent of contact between offenders and FOR staff or community links: this issue is further discussed in Chapter 5, where post-release contact is examined as an interim indicator of resettlement outcomes. Second, an account is given of referrals made to local agencies and of subsequent levels of service uptake. Finally, views of the community link staff and ex-prisoners are presented. Post-release contact with the project teams It is important to reiterate that the evaluation of the Phase 1 Resettlement Pathfinders included only
185 CHAPTER FIFTEEN Children and family transitions: contact and togetherness Hayley Davies In the global North, the issue of children’s contact with parents following parental separation and divorce has been much discussed as a social, political and legal concern, and as a key site for contemporary family negotiations. The issue draws into focus, both at a societal and family level, the question of who counts as family and kin, the obligations ascribed to parent–child relationships, and, specifically, the expectations of the appropriate frequency and
13 TWO Children, abuse and parental contact in Denmark1 Marianne Hester Since the 1980s, there has been a growing emphasis on the involvement of both biological parents in the care of their children post-separation and divorce in Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand (see also Chapters Three, Five, Seven and Eight in this volume). This reflects article 9 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, concerning children’s right to know their two parents. The emphasis on involvement of both biological parents has involved shifts in family law to
91 SIX Can we promote cohesion through contact? intergroup contact and the development of community cohesion Matthew J. Goodwin1 introduction Recent years have seen an upsurge of interest in the effects of immigration and increased ethno-cultural diversity. As in countries elsewhere, in the UK policy makers and practitioners face a number of challenges that are multidimensional in nature. In the wider national and international context, new migration patterns, rapid demographic change and the arrival of super-diversity highlight the evolving nature of
255 TWELVE Transversal space, meaningful social contact and social cohesion The previous chapter looked at events in the east of England and south London and argued that some areas are better equipped than others to deal with conflict and changes associated with migration. One of the factors that influence how a particular neighbourhood responds to migration is its transversal spaces – sites of meaningful social contact between migrants and longer- settled residents. It is here that the stranger is humanised and ethnic boundaries are broken down. Drawing
Our job is to respond to the crimes that we’re dispatched to and to stop and detain and arrest, if warranted, the person that committed the crime. … We don’t pick and choose that by race. Bob Kroll, Minneapolis Police Officers Federation President Introduction As outlined in more detail in previous chapters, disproportionate minority contact (DMC) is defined as the overrepresentation of minorities throughout the juvenile justice system. By definition, overrepresentation implies a comparison of the racial and ethnic characteristics of those in the