151 7 Corruption Introduction Transparency International (2018), a noted non-governmental organization focused on rooting out corruption, states that the failure to curb corruption is contributing to the worldwide crisis of democracy. Only twenty countries have improved their corruption levels, while the rest have either stagnated or worsened since 2012. According to managing director Patricia Moreira ‘With many democratic institutions under threat across the globe – often by leaders with authoritarian or populist tendencies – we need to do more to
13 1 Definitions and typologies of police corruption Introduction Corruption can loosely be defined, in modern terms, as the abuse of public power or trusted office for private gain or benefit (Ganahl, 2013: 57). Police corruption concerns the misuse of power or authority by a police officer for direct or indirect gain in exchange for an official action or inaction, and they abuse their authority by either providing or neglecting to perform services within their role in exchange for the allocation of this benefit (Edelbacher and Ivković, 2004: 21
Claudio De Rose Prosecutor General Emeritus of the Italian Court of Accounting, Via Berna 20, 00144 Rome - Italy Corruption in Public Procurement: How to Fight and Prevent it? Abstract - Corruption and public procurement often go together, at least in Italy. Corruption must be continuously fought and it is also necessary to find appropriate ways for preventing it. However, this is not easily achieved, because of the wide-ranging features of corruption, the variety of its causes and the sensitivity of the issue, including at political level and in
Based on unprecedented empirical research conducted with lower levels of the Afghan police, this unique study assesses how institutional legacy and external intervention, from countries including the UK and the US, have shaped the structural conditions of corruption in the police force and the state.
Taking a social constructivist approach, the book combines an in-depth analysis of internal political, cultural and economic drivers with references to several regime changes affecting policing and security, from the Soviet occupation and Mujahidin militias to Taliban religious police.
Crossing disciplinary boundaries, Singh offers an invaluable contribution to the literature and to anti-corruption policy in developing and conflict-affected societies.
117 6 Social construction of corruption Introduction The previous chapter provided a critical assessment of statebuilding in Afghanistan. It demonstrated that this has been shaped by ideals of the liberal peacebuilding paradigm and COIN. These externally driven policies have enhanced patronage relations. Moreover, entrenched corruption has become institutionalised, which has led to problems with the police sector. An anti-corruption strategy has done little to prevent Taliban remobilisation, further insecurity and the breakdown of the rule of law and
29 2 Preventing police corruption Introduction The previous chapter covered the definitions and popular typologies of police corruption to highlight how corruption can overlap with crime, misconduct and other forms of integrity violations for either individual, collective or group gain(s). Now that police corruption has been covered and understood, strategies to mitigate corruption within a police force are outlined. This chapter covers police corruption and a prevention strategy within the police, as well as commissions of inquiries, which led to a
73 Key words: reputation • benchmarking • gender equality • corruption • new regulatory tools Policy & Politics vol 40 no 1 • 73-88 (2012) • http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/030557310X550097 © The Policy Press, 2012 • ISSN 0305 5736 Ranking and benchmarking: The political logic of new regulatory instruments in the fields of gender equality and anti-corruption Anna van der Vleuten and Mieke Verloo New regulatory instruments such as benchmarking, ranking and best practices have given new meaning to the old politics of reputation and changed the standards by which
In the corrupted currents of this world, offence’s gilded hand may shove by Justice, and oft is seen, the wicked prize itself buys out the law. Shakespeare, Hamlet , Act 3, Scene 3 Shakespeare suggests that the offender’s bag of gold may subvert justice and the law, and, in this chapter, we explore the modern-day crime that not only subverts the ‘rotten State of Denmark’ but the whole world. At one level, corruption is just an important crime type in the global war on dirty money, but at another it enables many other types of crime, so its importance
Introduction The significance of ‘corruption’ in Europe has arisen both through the work of established scientific studies and scholarship seeking to understand its nature, scope, extent and control, and as a priority of state and non-state organizations seeking to reshape anti-corruption policy and practice within individual nation-states and the European Union (EU) more generally. Corruption is variously defined in social science and policy, but the European Commission (EC), in line with the international anti-corruption agenda, defines the concept as
125 7 Assessing the drivers of corruption within the Afghan police force Introduction The previous chapters mainly concentrated on aspects of prevention and corruption hindering police forces despite SSR and post-conflict police efforts. An examination of the structural conditions of corruption due to external intervention and the institutional legacy of patronage and conflict in Afghanistan ensued. The book has generated a theoretical framework, consisting of political, economic and cultural drivers (with the debate on the social construction of