Introduction The concept of crime is a constant feature of public, media and political discourse in England and Wales. On its most basic level, crime can be defined as behaviour which is prohibited by criminal law and which can be punished by the criminal justice process. Yet crime is in fact a contested and divisive concept. Crime and its meaning can be viewed from a variety of different standpoints: classicist, positivist, constructionist, radical or hybrid. Such standpoints also speak to a range of different audiences for discourses on crime: the legal
A key resource for students, academics and practitioners, this concise guide brings together various concepts vital to the theoretical, policy and practical debates on forensic psychology and its relationship with crime, policing and policing studies.
Covering issues such as criminal behaviour, police decision-making and crime scene investigation, each entry provides a succinct overview of the topic, together with an evaluation of the emerging issues. The text includes:
associated concepts and further reading from research and practice;
references and glossary.
It can be argued that theories of crime and place are the most prolific amongst all genres of criminological theory. As Wilcox and others demonstrate, the variety of place-based theories in criminology span nearly its whole history and include an incredible variety of perspectives. Often associated with the Chicago School of Sociology, the theory of social disorganization was one of the earliest attempts to examine the economic, normative and social milieu of neighbourhoods and variations in levels of crime, especially juvenile delinquency. Subsequent
Fearing Crime, Avoiding Crime 377 Chapter Thirteen Fearing Crime, Avoiding Crime Crime, clearly, is an important element in deciding where to live – or, more potently, where not to live. But overall, crime in London does not turn out to be the issue that most Londoners might imagine. People do not seem over-worried about it, and that is directly related to the fact that – as just seen in Chapter 12 – they know plenty of people in their local area and feel that there is a good sense of community there. But this is not true everywhere: we found a sharp
Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) are elected representatives whose role is to ensure that police forces in England and Wales are running effectively. Intended to bring a public voice to policing and hold the police to account, the holders of this controversial role also control budgets and strategic planning.
Bryn Caless and Jane Owens obtained unprecedented access to the PCCs and their chief police officer teams and undertook confidential interviews with both sides. The results reveal the innermost workings of the PCCs’ relationships with the police, media, partners and public. The authors analyse the election process (in which PCCs polled the lowest local mandate ever) and consider the future of this politically-contested role. Examining the PCCs’ impact on policing, this fascinating book makes essential reading for Police Crime Commissioners, chief officers, police officers, police trainers and academics, students and researchers in criminology and policing.
over her shoulders whilst she stood with a group of her friends about to board an excursion boat – both were the victims of well-trained and experienced thieves, individuals whose presence is as ubiquitous as the attractions themselves. As Jones, Barclay and Mawby point out ( 2012 ), where there is tourism there will be crime. There should be nothing unusual about that observation, because all human endeavours display examples of deviance and crime. Further, as noted by many scholars interested in the criminological dimensions of tourism (see Sharpley and Stone
Introduction: crimes of the powerful and the state’s response to COVID-19 The term ‘crimes of the powerful’ is one which is routinely contested within criminological discourse. Historically, criminology has tended not to focus its lens upon crimes of the powerful, whether this be powerful individuals or institutions, and instead has generally focused upon crimes committed by those with little power, such as the ‘street crimes’ of the working classes ( Rothe and Kauzlarich, 2016 ). ‘Partygate’ is emblematic of the influence that power has on how rule
Communities, identities and crime provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice.
Offering a refreshing perspective on equality and diversity developments that feature in the policies and practices of criminal justice agencies, the author critically examines:
‘race’ relations legislation, ‘race’ equality and criminal justice gender, crime and victimisation the increasing role that faith communities play in community justice hate crimes committed against individuals, motivated by prejudice community engagement and participation in criminal justice, community cohesion and civil renewal.
The book incorporates a broader theoretical focus, exploring identity theory, late modernity, identity constructions, communities and belongingness. The author also raises important theoretical and methodological issues that a focus upon social identities poses for the subject discipline of criminology.
Clearly written in an engaging style, with case studies and chapter questions used throughout, the book is essential reading for postgraduate students of criminology, criminal justice, social policy, sociology, victimology and law. Undergraduate students and criminal justice practitioners will also find the book informative and researchers will value its theoretical and policy focus.
From corporate corruption and the facilitation of money laundering, to food fraud and labour exploitation, European citizens continue to be confronted by serious corporate and white-collar crimes.
Presenting an original series of provocative essays, this book offers a European framing of white-collar crime. Experts from different countries foreground what is unique, innovative or different about white-collar and corporate crimes that are so strongly connected to Europe, including the tensions that exist within and between the nation-states of Europe, and within the institutions of the European region.
This European voice provides an original contribution to discourses surrounding a form of crime which is underrepresented in current criminological literature.