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PART III Culture

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Biographies of carers in Britain and the two Germanies

This book explores the experiences of informal home carers in the different welfare systems of the former West Germany and East Germany, and Britain. It is innovative in using a biographical case study approach to compare caring situations and caring strategies in the three different societies. The detail and variety of the case studies show how particular social and welfare patterns give rise to recognisable ‘cultures of care’.

The authors: show how the social relations of caring are structured within and outside the home environment offer a research tool to take into account the significance of informal networks use separate analysis of ‘lived’ and ‘told’ life stories to highlight personal processes of continuity and change in meeting the challenge of caring link individual caring strategies to the structural features of welfare societies.

European comparative research creates opportunities for fresh thinking about social policy, showing best practice and piecing together the strengths of each system.The findings of this book underline the significance of caring within social policy agendas and the need to extend and change the parameters of comparative social policy beyond a fixation on social insurance.Cultures of care makes an important contribution to debates about the need to ‘strengthen the social’ and to build a creative sense of moral agency in welfare systems.It provides a valuable new resource for both academic teaching and the training of social professionals.

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Shaping policy through neuroscience

This unique book offers a timely analysis of the impact of rapidly advancing knowledge about the brain, mind and behaviour on contemporary public policy and practice. Examining developments in behaviour change policies, neuroscience, architecture and urban design, education, and workplace training programmes the book analyses the global spread of research agendas, policy experiments and everyday practice informed by ‘brain culture’. It offers an alternative, geographically informed set of explanations for what matters in explaining how people behave and how citizens’ behaviour should be governed. It will be of interest to students and academics across the social and behavioural sciences.

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How and why are arts and cultural practices meaningful to communities?

Highlighting examples from Lebanon, Latin America, China, Ireland, India, Sri Lanka and beyond, this exciting book explores the relationship between the arts, culture and community development.

Academics and practitioners from six continents discuss how diverse communities understand, re-imagine or seek to change personal, cultural, social, economic or political conditions while using the arts as their means and spaces of engagement.

Investigating the theory and practice of ‘cultural democracy’, this book explores a range of aesthetic forms including song, music, muralism, theatre, dance, and circus arts.

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Most discussions about police personality and culture centre on interactions between the police and members of the public as victims, witnesses or suspects. Less has been written about the impact of personality and culture on the internal machinations and interactions between colleagues, managers and subordinates. When this occurs, it is generally based on race, gender and sexuality, and seldom on how those with mental ill health are treated within policing. Externally, the deaths of George Floyd in May 2020 and Sarah Everard in March 2021 by then

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149 EIGHT institutions and culture In order to explain the Easterlin paradox in terms of social value, it is necessary to show how the interactions promoted by the economic model increase welfare but not well-being. This implies that people in affluent countries act in ways that overlook opportunities to improve their quality of life. Given that the economic model itself provides cultural resources and institutions for producing a certain kind of social value, how is this possible? In the example given in the Introduction (pp 9-11) of the Israeli nursery

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Research and Practice

Taking an evidence-based approach to understanding police culture, this thorough and accessible book critically reviews existing research and offers new insights on theories and definitions. Tom Cockcroft, an authority on the subject, addresses a range of contemporary issues including diversity, police reform and police professionalisation.

This invaluable review:

- Identifies and discusses differing conceptions of police culture;

- Explores the contribution of different disciplinary and methodological approaches to our understanding of police culture;

- Assesses how culture relates to many different operational aspects of policing;

- Contextualises our understanding of police culture in relation to both contemporary police agendas and wider social change.

For students, researchers and police officers alike, this is an accessible and timely appraisal of police culture.

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Public Space, Sexuality and Revolt

Pussy grabbing; hot mommas; topless protest; nasty women. Whether hypersexualised, desexualised, venerated or maligned, women’s bodies in public space continue to be framed as a problem. A problem that is discursively ‘solved’ by the continued proliferation of rape culture in everyday life.

Indeed, despite the rise in research and public awareness about rape culture and sexism in contemporary debates, gendered violence continues to be normalised.

Using case studies from the US and UK – the de/sexualised pregnancy, the troublesome naked protest, the errant BDSM player – Fanghanel interrogates how the female body is figured through, and revolts against, gendered violence.

Rape culture currently thrives. This book demonstrates how it happens, the politics that are mobilised to sustain it, and how we might act to contest it.

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five ‘Race’ and culture Introduction Making a risk assessment about an offender requires the assessor to gather information about potential risk factors and to think about how those factors interact with each other, and with the behaviour of concern (Baker, 2006). As considered in Chapter Two, risk factors are based on findings about groups of offenders; being those variables that have been found to be associated with the likelihood of offending behaviour (McGuire, 2002b). The precise causal connections for any individual offender have to be considered

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An International Comparison of Policy Making

From the local to the global, the governance of illegal drug use is becoming increasingly fragmented. In some contexts, prohibitive regimes are being transformed or replaced, whilst in others there are renewed commitments to criminalised control. But what gives rise to convergence and divergence in processes of policy making, both across different countries as well as within them?

Based upon empirical qualitative research with ‘elite’ insiders, David Brewster explores a diverse range of cannabis policy approaches across the globe. His original analysis reveals the factors which facilitate or hinder punitive or liberalising tendencies in cannabis policy processes, concluding with future directions for policy making and comparative criminology.

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