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Before and After Haiyan

Bringing together the voices of local scholars in the Philippines, this book offers critical insights into one of the world’s most disaster-prone regions.

The Asia-Pacific region is one of the most vulnerable regions in the world, with the effects of climate change contributing to rising sea levels and increasingly frequent typhoons and floods. Case studies in this book examine such disasters, including the aftermath of 2013 super typhoon Haiyan. Discussions are centred around four themes: women and empowerment, economics and recovery, community and resilience, and religion and spirituality.

Through its analysis, the book demonstrates the scopes, inequities and inefficiencies of policies and responses, as well as forms of empowerment and resilience, in meeting challenges in disaster-afflicted communities in the Philippines. Its conclusions provide a more nuanced and grounded perspective of policies, practices and approaches in the sociology of disasters today.

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9 Disasters TWO Disasters In recent years we seem to have heard of many disasters. Advances in global media communication have resulted in almost instantaneous news of worldwide disasters. Television pictures of the school hostage situation in Beslan on 1 September 2004 entered our homes making us feel part of the anguish experienced by those who had to wait and watch. The subsequent shootings and the bomb explosion shocked and saddened all who could observe the destruction of buildings and so many lives. While technology improves communication, it was the

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PART I Disasters in the Philippines: Overview and Responses

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PART II Post- disaster Politics

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PART III Disasters and Conflicting Knowledges

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Introduction With the frequent occurrence of disasters in the world, research has greater understanding of disasters, including their cause and how to reduce their impacts and expedite recovery. When disasters first began to be studied in the 1950s, they were typically viewed as naturally occurring events that were the product of the magnitude of an earthquake, the ferocity of a hurricane, the infectiousness of a disease or the rise of the sea level, for example. However, understanding of hazards has expanded to include conflicts, price fluctuations and

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PART IV Organizations Adapting to Post- disaster Changes

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Introduction Mainstream social work scholarship and practice on disasters has tended to overlook the structural, causal and community-oriented dimensions of disasters ( Sim et al, 2022 ), centring instead on crisis intervention and psychopathology, and on returning life back to ‘normal’. This is highly problematic given the realities of social disparity, violence and the global climate crisis. To address this confusion, we sought to deconstruct the COVID-19 pandemic and bring more clarity to social workers on its precedents, as it has played out in the US

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industrialization process has led to the replacement of agricultural activity by the manufacture of industrialized products and services ( World Bank 2019 ). However, the Philippines faces numerous challenges linked to, among other things, the lack of access to education, health services, and human development for large sectors of its population ( United Nations Development Program 2019 , 76). The Philippines is one of the top three countries with the highest exposure to disaster risks (UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction 2019 , 6), among which typhoon Haiyan stood out in

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Introduction In the summer of 2021, catastrophic wildfires across Greece burned approximately 1.2 million acres of forest. Unfortunately, both wildfires and floods are not new phenomena either in Southern Europe or in other parts of the world, such as California in the US, Germany, Siberia and the Amazon rainforest in South America. Undoubtedly, climate change is more severe and rapid. Yet, when combined with insufficient and/or late intervention by the state during disasters, climate change results in ecological catastrophes and the deaths of people. Greek

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