9 Disasters TWO Disasters In recent years we seem to have heard of many disasters. Advances in global media communication have resulted in almost instantaneous news of worldwide disasters. Television pictures of the school hostage situation in Beslan on 1 September 2004 entered our homes making us feel part of the anguish experienced by those who had to wait and watch. The subsequent shootings and the bomb explosion shocked and saddened all who could observe the destruction of buildings and so many lives. While technology improves communication, it was the
Introduction Mainstream social work scholarship and practice on disasters has tended to overlook the structural, causal and community-oriented dimensions of disasters ( Sim et al, 2022 ), centring instead on crisis intervention and psychopathology, and on returning life back to ‘normal’. This is highly problematic given the realities of social disparity, violence and the global climate crisis. To address this confusion, we sought to deconstruct the COVID-19 pandemic and bring more clarity to social workers on its precedents, as it has played out in the US
Introduction In the summer of 2021, catastrophic wildfires across Greece burned approximately 1.2 million acres of forest. Unfortunately, both wildfires and floods are not new phenomena either in Southern Europe or in other parts of the world, such as California in the US, Germany, Siberia and the Amazon rainforest in South America. Undoubtedly, climate change is more severe and rapid. Yet, when combined with insufficient and/or late intervention by the state during disasters, climate change results in ecological catastrophes and the deaths of people. Greek
, focusing on political feasibility and ways by which governance at different levels can enable and support transformation in different political contexts ( Biermann et al, 2012 ; Patterson et al, 2017 ; Fazey et al, 2017 ). Disaster events are frequently viewed as an important driver for changes in policy, institutions, attitudes and values ( Birkland, 2006 ; Michaels et al, 2006 ; Folke et al, 2010 ; Pelling and Dill, 2010 ; O’Brien, 2012 ; Burch et al, 2014 ; Gibson et al, 2016 ; Becker and Reusser, 2016 ; Dilling et al, 2017 ). The ‘disaster
Population shifts and an increase in the number of natural (and man-made) disasters are having a profound effect on urban and rural habitats globally. This book brings together for the first time the experiences and knowledge of international contributors from academia, research, policy and practice to discuss the role of spatial planning after significant disasters. It highlights on-going efforts to improve spatial resilience across the globe and predicts future trends. Comparisons from five countries including Japan, the US, Indonesia, Slovakia and Germany, highlight the influence of significant disasters on spatial planning and spatial resiliency under different legal-administrative and cultural frameworks.
Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Disasters are an increasingly common and complex combination of environmental, social and cultural factors. Yet existing response frameworks and emergency plans tend to homogenise affected populations as ‘victims’, overlooking the distinctive experience, capacities and skills of children and young people.
Drawing on participatory research with more than 550 children internationally, this book argues for a radical transformation in children’s roles and voices in disasters. It shows practitioners, policy-makers and researchers how more child-centred disaster management, that recognises children’s capacity to enhance disaster resilience, actually benefits at-risk communities as a whole.
95 NINE Disaster justice: Mobilizing grassroots knowledge against disaster nationalism in Japan Haruki Eda Nature may be the primary cause of a disaster, but very little of its consequences is ‘natural.’ In fact, some researchers suggest we develop an understanding of disasters as relational events between the natural, environmental, and ecological on the one hand, and the political, sociological, and cultural on the other. According to the sociologists Picou and Marshall (2007), the categorization of disasters has evolved over time. They illustrate that
137 Journal of Poverty and Social Justice • vol 22 • no 2 • 137–45 • © Policy Press 2014 • #JPSJ Print ISSN 1759 8273 • Online ISSN 1759 8281 • http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/175982714X14013610020765 research Caste, asset and disaster recovery: the problems of being asset-less in disaster compensation and recovery S Mohammed Irshad, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, India email@example.com Damage and loss assessment is the first step towards the bringing the disaster affected community back to mainstream life. The asset is the deciding factor; hence
1 INTRODUCTION Disaster response and spatial planning – key challenges and strategies Stefan Greiving Introduction Worldwide, the urban development and disaster management arena finds itself at a critical crossroads. This is driven by rapid urbanisation (and de-urbanisation), as well as a growing volume of damage caused by natural (and unnatural) disasters, which are increasingly affecting urban and rural inhabitants. Bearing this in mind, experiences from disaster management and especially from disaster recovery have led to advances in the field and an
277 CHAPTER B3 Role of coordination in building spatial resilience after disasters Jaroslav Tešliar, Alena Kučeravcová and Ján Dzurdženík Introduction Disasters often provide unique opportunities to promote climate- resilient development and to build political will to integrate resilience measures into recovery and development. Recent evidence shows a growing demand for sustained engagement in countries following a disaster to support the implementation of resilient recovery and reconstruction planning. Politicians and donors alike are attuned to the issue