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79 FIVE tinkering with early childhood education and care: early education vouchers in hong kong Gail Yuen a story to begin On 11 October 2006, the chief executive of the Hong Kong Government announced the introduction of a voucher scheme which was intended to make affordable and quality early education more accessible to children aged 3 to 6. The announcement sparked heated debate about which children should and which should not be included in the scheme (Yuen, 2007). In the following months, local news switched focus to the confusion over how the scheme

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209 TWELVE aBC learning and australian early education and care: a retrospective ethical audit of a radical experiment Jennifer Sumsion introduction This chapter unfolds in three parts. It commences with the cautionary narrative of ABC Learning, an Australian childcare corporation that became the world’s largest for-profit childcare provider within a few years of its listing on the Australian Stock Exchange. It then revisits findings of an ethical audit (Sumsion, 2006) of ABC Learning’s operations from 2001–05 in light of subsequent developments. The

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171 EIGHT early education and care in Australia: equity in a mixed market­based system? Deborah Brennan and Marianne Fenech Introduction Early childhood education and care (ECEC) is a high-profile political issue in Australia. In 2008, Labor Prime Minister Kevin Rudd promised ‘a world-class system of integrated early childhood learning and childcare’ designed to ‘boost national productivity, lift labour force participation, contribute to social inclusion and be the first step towards an “education revolution”’. A year later, the Council of Australian

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115 SEVEN Publicly available and supported early education and care for all in Norway1 Kari Jacobsen and Gerd Vollset introduction In this chapter the authors describe the current situation and the recent development of the early childhood education and care (ECEC) sector in Norway, focusing on more recent history. In particular the chapter focuses on the introduction of a legal right to a place from the age of one in 2009 and the change of the financing schemes in 2011 which have supported the Norwegian childcare market. The authors have been working in

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Providing quality early education and care for disadvantaged children

Early education and care has become a central policy area in many countries. As services expand rapidly, it is crucial to examine whether children from disadvantaged backgrounds receive provision of the highest possible quality.

In this original, topical book, leading experts from eight countries examine how early education and care is organised, funded and regulated in their countries. Bringing together recent statistical evidence, the book gives an up-to-date picture of access to services by different groups, providing rich insights on how policies play out in practice, and the extent to which they help or hinder disadvantaged children to receive high quality provision.

An equal start? reveals the common tensions and complexities countries face in ensuring that early education and care is affordable, accessible and of high quality. Its critical examination of the potential for better policies ensures that An equal start? will be of interest to academic readers as well as policy makers and practitioners.

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Now in its fourth edition, this is the classic assessment of the state of child well-being in the United Kingdom.

This edition has been updated to review the latest evidence, examining the outcomes for children of the impact of the economic crisis and austerity measures since 2008. It draws together a vast amount of robust empirical evidence and includes intra-UK and international comparisons. Edited by a highly regarded expert in the field, each chapter covers a different domain of child well-being, including health, wellbeing, housing and education.

This is an invaluable resource for academics, students, practitioners and policy makers concerned with child welfare and wellbeing.

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Can they deliver an equitable service?
Editors: and

The viability, quality and sustainability of publicly supported early childhood education and care services is a lively issue in many countries, especially since the rights of the child imply equal access to provision for all young children. But equitable provision within childcare markets is highly problematic, as parents pay for what they can afford and parental income inequalities persist or widen.

This highly topical book presents recent, significant research from eight nations where childcare markets are the norm. It also includes research about ‘raw’ and ‘emerging’ childcare markets operating with a minimum of government intervention, mostly in low income countries or post transition economies. Childcare markets compares these childcare marketisation and regulatory processes across the political and economic systems in which they are embedded. Contributions from economists, childcare policy specialists and educationalists address the question of what constraints need to be in place if childcare markets are to deliver an equitable service.

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Re-forming education and care in England, Scotland and Sweden

Important reforms are taking place in children’s services in the UK, with a move towards greater integration. In England, Scotland and Sweden, early childhood education and care, childcare for older children, and schools are now the responsibility of education departments. This book is the first to examine, cross-nationally, this major shift in policy.

With case studies and practical examples to illustrate how changes have been implemented, this book is essential reading for practitioners, managers, politicians, trainers and researchers in children’s services, including schools, early years, school-age childcare, leisure and recreation, child welfare and health.

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The Marketization of Care

In the absence of public provision, many governments rely on the market to meet childcare demand. But who are the actors shaping this market? What work do they do to marketize care? And what does it mean for how childcare is provided?

Based on an innovative theoretical framework and an in-depth study of the New Zealand childcare market, Gallagher examines the problematic growth of private, for-profit childcare. Opening the ‘black box’ of childcare markets to closer scrutiny, this book brings to light the complex political, social and economic dynamics behind childcare provisioning.

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An International Comparison of In-Home Childcare Policy and Practice

Once considered the preserve of the wealthy, nanny care has grown in response to changes in the labour market, including the rising number of working mothers with young children and increases in non-standard work patterns.

This book presents new empirical research about in-home childcare in Australia, the United Kingdom and Canada, three countries where governments are pursuing new ways to support in-home childcare through funding, regulation and migration.

The compelling policy story that emerges illustrates the implications of different mechanisms for facilitating in-home childcare - for families and for care workers.

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