James M. Buchanan Department of Economics, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, Virginia 22030 -USA Taxpayer Apathy, Institutional Inertia, and Economic Growth* Abstract - This paper analyzes the difference in taxpayers's attitudes toward fiscal politics dur- ing the 1970s - early 1980s, a period dominated by «taxpayer revolt», and those observed in the late 1990s, when taxpayers show an apparent state of apathy. The answer is that taxpayers where unhappy in the late 1970s and early 1980s because their effective real incomes were being
Introduction What can policy do to increase local economic growth? This is a question that has challenged decision makers and academics for decades. It’s also a fundamental question today, when the UK government has made economic growth one of its priorities – in the face of a decade of slower growth and tight budgets. Research and evaluation have a crucial role to play in providing answers and increasing the effectiveness of policy making. Unfortunately, making sense and making use of the evidence is not easy, especially for those tasked with delivering
and energy consumption. While they acknowledge the need for efficiency improvements, their core argument is that efficiency improvements by themselves will not suffice to solve the ecological crises we are facing. However, discussions about limits to consumption immediately meet opposition in the political realm, that is, among political representatives, employers’ associations and corporate lobbies alike. Specifically, opponents claim that we simply cannot afford a scaling back of consumption and the economic growth it is supposed to drive due to the growth
229 TEN Inclusive economic growth for health equity: in search of the elusive evidence Guillem López-Casasnovas and Laia Maynou Introduction It has to be true. Inclusive growth, less unequal wealth creation, better- distributed incomes ‘must’ lead to more health and health equity (certainly the growing evidence is persuasive; see Wilkinson and Pickett, 2009). But as we will see in this chapter, to test this affirmative sequence, with all the assumed linkages, proves to be very difficult. This has to do with, on one hand, the issue of reverse causality (in
expansion that the capitalist world economy had ever experienced. In the 1930s neither the friends nor the enemies of capitalism could envisage a new period of sustained expansion. The ideologies of left and right were starkly opposed. Even those, like Keynes, who believed there were better ways to manage capitalism to avoid under-employment of resources did not foresee an early return to economic growth. The key economic and political question was mass unemployment and whether it should be blamed on workers’ resistance to wage cuts, on the capitalist organisation of
The rapid economic growth of the past few decades has radically transformed India’s labour market, bringing millions of former agricultural workers into manufacturing industries, and, more recently, the expanding service industries, such as call centres and IT companies.
Alongside this employment shift has come a change in health and health problems, as communicable diseases have become less common, while non-communicable diseases, like cardiovascular problems, and mental health issues such as stress, have increased.
This interdisciplinary work connects those two trends to offer an analysis of the impact of working conditions on the health of Indian workers that is unprecedented in scope and depth.
Liberal democracies are under increasing pressure. Growing discontent about inequality, lack of political participation and identity have rekindled populism and a shift away from liberal values.
This book argues that liberalism’s reliance on a utilitarian policy framework has resulted in increased concentrations of power, restricting freedom and equality. It examines five key areas of public policy: monetary policy, private property and liability, the structure of the state, product markets and labour markets.
Drawing on the German ordoliberal tradition and its founding principle of the dispersal of power, the book proposes an alternative public policy framework. In doing so, it offers a practical pathway to realign policy making with liberal ideas.
Can your job change your personality?
While traditionally personality has been considered fixed and stable, recent thinking indicates that this is not the case. Personality can be changed by various work and vocational experiences, such as employment conditions, career roles, job characteristics and training or interventions.
Drawing on a wide array of research in the field, Wang and Wu provide a conceptual overview on how personality can be changed at work by societal, organisational and job-related factors, while considering how individuals can take an active approach in changing their personality at work.
Debunking the myths around the current economic belief systems, this book reveals how mainstream perspectives work for the benefit of the organised money establishment, while causing all manner of destructions, inequalities and frauds, all conspiring against the common good.
Focused on the realities of organisational systems, Pearson offers a practical alternative to economic dogma.
Written from a distinctive perspective that combines practitioner and academic expertise, this book is structured as a simple model of business strategy and identifies necessary systems change in order to achieve a truly sustainable future.
As the percentage of people working in the service economy continues to rise, there is a need to examine workplace harm within low-paid, insecure, flexible and short-term forms of ‘affective labour’. This is the first book to discuss harm through an ultra-realist lens and examines the connection between individuals, their working conditions and management culture.
Using data from a long-term ethnographic study of the service economy, it investigates the reorganisation of labour markets and the shift from security to flexibility, a central function of consumer capitalism. It highlights working conditions and organisational practices which employees experience as normal and routine but within which multiple harms occur.
Challenging current thinking within sociology and policy analysis, it reconnects ideology and political economy with workplace studies and uses examples of legal and illegal activity to demonstrate the multiple harms within the service economy.