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Key findings Ethnic identity is important to people alongside a strong sense of belonging to British society but standardised measures of ethnicity do not fully capture the complex ways that people describe their ethnicity. The free-text ethnic identity responses demonstrate that the standardised ethnic categories do not allow people to accurately express complex ethnic origins and migration experiences; they exclude identities from certain parts of the world and subnational, place-based identities. Ethnic identity is important for most people from

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39 Ethnic residential segregation stability in England, 1991–2001 Katherine Farley, Health Sciences, University of York, UK Tim Blackman, The Open University, UK The residential arrangements of ethnic groups became the subject of political interest when they were identified as a feature of urban areas that experienced unrest in 2001. Residential segregation was framed as both problematic for community relations and a cause of economic inequalities (Cantle, 2001; Denham, 2001). This article presents

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Changing patterns of disadvantage in Britain

This book focuses on the changing terrain of ethnic disadvantage in Britain, drawing on up-to-date sources. It goes further than texts that merely describe ethnic inequalities to explore and explain their dynamic nature. It suggests that the increasing diversity of experience among different ethnic groups is a key to understanding continuing and emerging tensions and conflicts.

Explaining ethnic differences: provides up to date data and analysis of ethnic diversity and changing patterns of disadvantage in Britain;

· covers key areas of social life, including demographic trends, education, employment, housing, health, gender, and policing and community disorder;

· is written by leading experts in the field;

· addresses issues of urgent public importance in the context of recent community disorder and the resurgence of the far right.

· The book is essential reading for policy makers in central and local government; academics, postgraduate students and advanced undergraduates in the social sciences; social work, health, education and housing professionals; and criminal justice personnel.

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State of the Nation

Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. 50 years after the establishment of the Runnymede Trust and the Race Relations Act of 1968 which sought to end discrimination in public life, this accessible book provides commentary by some of the UK’s foremost scholars of race and ethnicity on data relating to a wide range of sectors of society, including employment, health, education, criminal justice, housing and representation in the arts and media.

It explores what progress has been made, identifies those areas where inequalities remain stubbornly resistant to change, and asks how our thinking around race and ethnicity has changed in an era of Islamophobia, Brexit and an increasingly diverse population.

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Is It Increasing or Decreasing in England?

There is an enduring belief amongst some that segregation is worsening and undermining social cohesion, and that this is especially visible in the growing divides between the schools in which our children are educated.

This book uses up-to-date evidence to interrogate some of the controversial claims made by the 2016 Casey Review, providing an analysis of contemporary patterns of ethnic, residential and social segregation, and looking at the ways that these changing geographies interact with each other.

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Expanding our imagination

Winner of the Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Award 2021.

Part of the Ageing in a Global Context series, this book proposes a new research agenda for scholarship that focuses on ethnicity, race and old age. It argues that in a time of increased international migration, population ageing and ethno-cultural diversity, scholarly imagination must be expanded as current research frameworks are becoming obsolete.

By bringing attention to the way that ethnicity and race have been addressed in research on ageing and old age, with a focus on health inequalities, health and social care, intergenerational relationships and caregiving, the book proposes how research can be developed in an ethnicity astute and diversity informed manner.

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Understanding London’s new East End

East London has undergone dramatic changes over the last 30 years, primarily as a result of London’s large scale de-industrialisation and the rise in its financial sector. Large parts of inner East London remain deprived, but a once overwhelmingly white working class area is now home to a more complex and mobile class and ethnic mix. This topical book focuses on the aspirations of these different groups and the strategies they have pursued about where to live, driven in part by a concern to ensure a good education for their children. The book will be essential reading for students and academics in sociology, urban studies, geography and multicultural studies.

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Theory, history, policy and practice

This new edition of a widely-respected textbook examines welfare policy and racism in a broad framework that marries theory, evidence, history and contemporary debate. Fully updated, it contains:

• a new foreword by Professor Kate Pickett, acclaimed co-author of The Spirit Level

• two new chapters on disability and chronic illness, and UK education policy respectively

• updated examples and data, reflecting changes in black and minority ethnic demographics in the UK

• a post-script from a minority student on her struggle to make a new home in Britain

Suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in social policy, sociology and applied social sciences, its global themes of immigration, austerity and securitisation also make it of considerable interest to policy and welfare practitioners.

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115 FIVE Better understandings of ethnic variations: ethnicity, poverty and social exclusion Saffron Karlsen and Christina Pantazis Introduction A review of the evidence from 350 studies carried out in the UK between 1991 and 2006 revealed that minority ethnic groups are more likely to be living in poverty, regardless of the measure of poverty or deprivation used, with the highest rates among Bangladeshi, Pakistani and Black African groups (Platt, 2007). On most measures, the poverty experienced by Bangladeshi people was found to be more severe and longer

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TWo Ethnicity and ethnic groups ethnicity is usually taken to represent a self-claimed identity linked to a perception of some combination of common history, origins or customs and possibly religion shared with those of the same ethnicity. There is an extensive literature discussing the meaning and use of the terminology of ethnicity and ethnic group, and both its distinctiveness from and overlap with the terminology of ‘race’ and of national identity. See, for example, Smith (1991), Ratcliffe (1994), Banton (1997, 1998), Cornell and Hartmann (1998) and

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