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This book assesses how the practice of contracting-out public employment services via competitive tendering and Payment-by-Results is transforming welfare-to-work in Ireland.
It offers Ireland’s introduction of a welfare-to-work market as a case study that speaks to wider international debates in social and public policy about the role of market governance in intensifying the turn towards more regulatory and conditional welfare models on the ground.
It draws on unprecedented access to, and extensive survey and interview research with, frontline employment services staff, combined with in-depth interviews with policy officials, organisational managers and jobseekers participating in activation.
Many policy and practice initiatives that aim to prevent social exclusion focus on children and young people. This book seeks to consider new approaches to understanding the complexities of prevention, and how these new understandings can inform policy and practice. The authors use evidence from the National Evaluation of the Children’s Fund to illustrate and explore the experiences of children and families who are most marginalised. They consider the historical context of approaches to child welfare, and present a new framework for understanding and developing preventative polices and practice within the context of social exclusion.
Preventative initiatives such as the Children’s Fund have supported large-scale complex evaluations that have generated rich and important data about strategies for addressing social exclusion and what they can achieve. The findings of this book have direct relevance for all those engaged in developing preventative policy and practice and will therefore be of interest to policy makers, practitioners and students of child welfare and social policy more broadly, in providing a timely discussion of key debates in designing, delivering and commissioning preventative services.
This book brings together leading figures in democratic reform and civic engagement to show why and how better state-citizen cooperation is necessary for achieving positive social change. Their contributions demonstrate that, while protest and non-state action may have their place, citizens must also work effectively with public bodies to secure sustainable improvements.
The authors explain why the problem of civic disengagement poses a major threat, highlight what actions can be taken, and suggest how the underlying obstacles to democratic cooperation between citizens and state institutions can be overcome across a range of policy areas and in varied national contexts.
Poverty street addresses one of the UK’s major social policy concerns: the gap between the poorest neighbourhoods and the rest of the country. It is an account of neighbourhood decline, a portrait of conditions in the most disadvantaged areas and an up-to-date analysis of the impact of the government’s neighbourhood renewal policies.
· explores twelve of the most disadvantaged areas in England and Wales, from Newcastle in the north to Thanet in the south, providing the reader with a unique journey around the country’s poverty map;
· combines evidence from neighbourhood statistics, photographs and the accounts of local people with analysis of broader social and economic trends;
· assesses the effect of government policies since 1997 and considers future prospects for reducing inequalities.
CASE Studies on Poverty, Place and Policy series
Series Editor: John Hills, Director of CASE at the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Drawing on the findings of the ESRC Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion’s extensive research programme into communities, poverty and family life in Britain, this fascinating series:
Provides a rich and detailed analysis of anti-poverty policy in action.
Focuses on the individual and social factors that promote regeneration, recovery and renewal.
For other titles in this series, please follow the series link from the main catalogue page.
• We looked at the provision of frontline services in the 12 small neighbourhoods
on which the study was focused.
• All of the neighbourhoods had some frontlineprovision: local housing offices,
dedicated police beat officers, youth clubs or detached youth workers. However,
residents were critical of the standard of service provision, and there were
problems in most neighbourhoods with drugs, crime and antisocial behaviour,
and with youth nuisance and a perceived lack of recreational facilities for
young people. Litter and
managers in voluntary sector community services
another main English-speaking country (yes = 1).3 Indicators of working arrangements
(each scored as yes = 1) were whether the respondent worked in a small organisation
(less than 20 employees); whether they worked outside an urban area; whether they
worked part time; whether they received supervision monthly or more often; and
whether they spent less than 20% of paid hours in frontlineprovision. Job quality
measures consisted of four constructs: job demands and complexity, job control,
job security and job stress
conversation underpinning this article was held with three women with lengthy involvement in the national umbrella body, Rape Crisis England and Wales (RCEW) and its predecessor, the Rape Crisis Federation (RCF). This involvement includes establishing one of the oldest Rape Crisis Centres in England and sitting on the boards of both RCEW and RCF. Though RCEW does not, in itself, offer support services, at the time of the conversation all participants were also involved in frontlineprovision through a Rape Crisis Centre. All three women were approached directly to
and actual frontlineprovision is far more complex and ambiguous than
implied in this model due to possible management 'fudges'.
The rationalisation model of budgeting, on the other hand, takes a
far more optimistic view of the impact of expenditure reductions on
social services budgeting. An INLOGOV team has argued that as it
becomes apparent to social services officers that a budgetary standstill
is going to replace growth on a long tenn basis so they will pursue more
cost-effective options and reduce areas of perceived inefficiency by the
findings suggests a worrying link between recent macro-level policy
rhetoric and frontlineprovision. It is to this shift in the politics of CE
that we now turn.
The ‘vision shift’
Following the 2010 General Election and the formation of the Liberal
Democrat−Conservative Coalition Government, the policy discourse
around CE shifted to the right in ideological terms. We argue that this
‘vision shift’, characterised by the promotion of a more individualised
character education (revolving around minimal citizenship) at the
expense of collective active citizenship, is
, for example in the city where the
strategy for refugee and asylum-seeking families was our focus, and
in both partnerships targeting disabled children. Yet this capacity
building was often only a limited part of the focused services’ activity
rather than a separate and discreet strategy in its own right. Thus, such
activity was vulnerable to financial and policy changes or was difficult
to achieve within limited resources and where demand for frontlineprovision was high.
Health and well-being
This relates to the negative impacts on physical and emotional