to a specific coun- try case study, that of the Irish Republic. Not only is Ireland hailed as the most globalised economy in the world, but its economic growth in the 1990s is seen to demonstrate how nations can flourish in the new global economy. By im- plication, if other nations are to follow Ireland’s success, they too must submit to these exoge- nous global forces. This article challenges such claims. In fact, it argues, the concept of ‘globalisation’ delivers very little in analytical terms. Rather, it is little more than an umbrella term for a variety of di
Population ageing and globalisation represent two of the most radical social transformations that have occurred. This book provides, for the first time, an accessible overview of how they interact.
Ageing has been conventionally framed within the boundaries of nation states, yet demographic changes, transmigration, financial globalization and the global media have rendered this perspective problematic. This much-needed book is the first to apply theories of globalisation to gerontology, including Appadurai’s theory, allowing readers to understand the implications of growing older in a global age.
This comprehensive introduction to globalisation for gerontologists is part of the Ageing in a Global Context series, published in association with the British Society of Gerontology. It will be of particular interest to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students and academics in this area.
13 TWO Globalisation, global ageing and intergenerational change Chris Phillipson Introduction Population ageing has been a major factor influencing changes in intergenerational relationships. Some of the key questions explored in research over the past two decades have concerned issues relating to generational equity, the emergence of new forms of multigenerational support, the characteristics of intergenerational solidarity and changing roles and relationships within families (Bengtson, 1993; Fokkema et al, 2008). This literature has raised important
77 5 Globalisation and the dilemmas of development: is globalisation good or bad for the Global South? Introduction: what in the world is going on? The only consensus about globalization is that it is contested. (Scholte, 2005: 41) Globalisation has become one of the key concepts of the contemporary age, and in the world of international development it takes on a huge significance in interpreting and understanding the nature and scope of development across the world. However, as we will see in this chapter, it is also a term which has no universal
to intervene in these areas than other member states while it was a member of the EU ( Stewart et al, 2019 ). Streeck’s (2016) overarching criticism of the EU is that extending democracy to the scale of markets has not worked as European integration alongside globalisation and financialisation have weakened the former and strengthened the latter. In these circumstances, Streeck (2016) argues that markets need to be brought back to the scale of democracy and, as we have seen in the earlier section on the global economy, Mitchell and Fazi (2017) emphasise the
PART II Capitalist Globalisation and Its Adversaries
significant in the research and literature on social security and social policy changes in recent years, namely the increasing significance of globalisation (understood in an economic, ideological and institutional sense) and of political responses to and management of those global influences and forces within particular (and constantly changing) historical, cultural and institutional conjunctures, using ‘political’ in the broadest sense of that term. The attention here is on these broader themes rather than using the four dimensions in the diagram below because it
151 Globalisation and the knowledge economy TEN Globalisation and the knowledge economy Introduction As we saw in Chapter 1, when setting the context for this study, the development of the new knowledge-based economy is intimately bound up with the process of globalisation (see, for example, Soete, 1999; Togati, 2002). The ICT revolution enables enormously greater speed and accuracy of communication, transcending national boundaries and permitting greatly increased transparency of markets worldwide. These global markets then foster more intense competition
63 FOUR Confronting Brexit and Trump: towards a socially progressive globalisation Chris Holden On 23 June 2016, British citizens voted to leave the European Union (EU). Less than five months later on 8 November, American citizens elected Donald Trump as the President of the United States of America (USA). A consensus quickly emerged that both votes represented a reaction against ‘globalization’ by ‘dispossessed’, ‘left behind’ population segments (Harris, 2016). Guy Ryder, the director general of the International Labour Organization (ILO), called it ‘the