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European Perspectives in Family and Society

Population ageing today affects most industrialised countries, and it will have an impact on many facets of the social system. Intergenerational relationships will play a key role in dealing with the demographical and societal change. This book provides innovative views in the multidisciplinary research field of intergenerational family relations in society, with a focus on Europe. Different, but complementary, perspectives are integrated in one volume bringing together international scholars from sociology, psychology and economics. The book's chapters are grouped into three thematic sections which cover conceptual issues, multigenerational and cross-cultural perspectives, as well as applied issues. Implications for research, policy and practice are addressed and suggestions for future directions are discussed. By raising recent discussions on controversial issues, this book will stimulate the current discourse at various levels. Intergenerational relations in society and family will be equally interesting for researchers, advanced-level students and stakeholders in the fields of social policy, population ageing and intergenerational family relationships.

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13 Part I Conceptual issues regarding intergenerational relations

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15 ONE Demographic ageing, labour market regulation and intergenerational relations Amílcar Moreira Introduction Since the 1980s, in the United States there has been a debate as to the implications of demographic ageing for the nature and extent of the welfare state (see Kohli, 2005). This debate was triggered by the claim – raised by Preston (1984) and others – that, in a context of economic scarcity, older people consume a disproportionate share of public resources (on pensions, healthcare and care services), and that this is done at the expense of the

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Family reciprocity from a global perspective

With socio-economic and demographic changes taking place in contemporary societies, new patterns of family relations are forming partly due to significant family changes, value shifts, precariousness in the labour market, and increasing mobility within and beyond national boundaries.

This book explores the exchange of support between generations and examines variations in contemporary practices and rationales in different regions and societies. It draws on both theoretical perspectives and empirical analysis in relation to new patterns of family reciprocity. Contributors discuss both newly emerging patterns and more established ones which are now being affected due to various opportunities and pressures in contemporary societies.

The book is split into two parts, the first (Chapters one to four) reviews key theoretical and conceptual debates in this field, while the second (Chapter five to nine) offers insights and an understanding of exchange practices based on case studies from different regions and different relationships.

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73 Ageing and intergenerational relations in Japan FOUR Ageing and intergenerational relations in Japan Misa Izuhara1 Introduction Ageing of the population has affected many industrial societies, upsetting the existing balance of financial, material and instrumental resources across generations. The remarkable speed of societal ageing in Japan also poses a considerable challenge to the family and the state partly due to the increasing need for nursing care. This chapter explores, in the context of postwar demographics and socioeconomic and policy changes, the

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49 Ageing and intergenerational relations in Britain THREE Ageing and intergenerational relations in Britain Alan Walker and Kristiina Martimo Introduction The main aim of this chapter is to examine the implications of population ageing for relations between the generations. In line with Chapter Four of this volume, our main focus is on intergenerational caring relationships between kin rather than the macro-social contract on which the funding of pensions and health and social care are based. However, a key theme of this chapter is that, what society does by

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303 Families, Relationships and Societies • vol 3 • no 2 • 303-18 • © Policy Press 2014 • #FRS ISSN 2046 7435 • ISSN 2046 7466 • article The temporality of food practices: intergenerational relations, childhood memories and mothers’ food practices in working families with young children Abigail Knight, Rebecca O’Connell, Julia Brannen, Institute of Education, University of London, UK Drawing on the findings of a qualitative study of 48 families with

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139 Families, Relationships and Societies • vol 3 • no 1 • 139–42 • © Policy Press 2014 • #FRS Print ISSN 2046 7435 • Online ISSN 2046 7443 • Consumption of care and intergenerational relations in the Irish context Catherine Conlon,1, and Virpi Timonen, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland Thomas Scharf and Gemma Carney National University of Ireland, Galway key words care • intergenerational • ageing • Ireland Intergenerational family relations have been explained using conceptual frameworks of

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53 Families, Relationships and Societies • vol 8 • no 1 • 53–72 • © Policy Press 2019 Print ISSN 2046 7435 • Online ISSN 2046 7443 • Accepted for publication 23 March 2017 • First published online 05 April 2017 article Inheritance and family conflicts: exploring asset transfers shaping intergenerational relations Misa Izuhara,1 University of Bristol, UK Stephan Köppe, University College Dublin, Ireland In contemporary societies with slower economic growth and

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1 Introduction Isabelle Albert and Dieter Ferring Connecting generations in society and families: the interplay of societal change and family adaptation Intergenerational relations have gained a prominent place in the public discourse and in social science research in the last years. This is, at least partly, due to the drastic socio-demographic changes related to falling fertility rates and higher life expectancies in many countries all over the world (UNFPA, 2011), which have had significant consequences for relations between generations in society and

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