International development is a vibrant, interdisciplinary area of the social sciences. This Short Guide offers a uniquely succinct and balanced account of this politically charged subject. It distils both the classic and newer debates together in a clear framework and illustrates them with contemporary examples.
Designed to introduce a wide readership to international development, the book:
considers how far the field has been reconfigured over time and to what extent it is likely to change in the future;
reviews contemporary topics including tourism, migration and digital technologies;
includes distinctive international case studies and examples.
By providing a succinct evaluation of competing approaches to, and perspectives on, the idea and practice of international development, this book offers students across the social sciences a distinct and invaluable introduction to the field.
This book presents an academically rigorous yet practical guide to efforts to understand how knowledge, policy and power interact to promote or prevent change.It offers a power analysis perspective on the knowledge-policy process, illustrated with rich empirical examples from the field of international development, combined with practical guidance on the implications of such an approach. It provides ways to identify and address problems that have hampered previous attempts to improve the space between knowledge and policy; such as difficulties in analysing political context, persistent asymmetric relationships between actors, ignorance of the contributions of different types of knowledge, and misconceptions of the roles played by intermediary organisations. Most importantly, the book gives readers the ability to develop strategies for negotiating the complexity of the knowledge-policy interface more effectively, so as to contribute to policy dialogues, influence policy change, and implement policies and programmes more effectively.The authors focus on the dynamics of the knowledge-policy interface in international development; offering novel theoretical insights and methodological approaches that are applicable to a broader array of policy arenas and their audiences, including academics, practitioners and students.
45 THREE Work environment, health and the international development agenda Martin Hyde and Töres Theorell Introduction Global sociopolitical developments including increased economic globalisation, the spread of neo-liberal ideas, the changing nature of work, the development of information and communication technology, and significant demographic changes have had a major impact on the nature of today’s working conditions (Hyde et al., 2006; Kompier, 2006; EU-OSHA, 2007). As a result, psychosocial conditions in the workplace have been identified as
207 10 Conclusion: making international development sustainable Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. (WCED, 1987: 41) This short guide to international development has demonstrated that there are many different topics associated with the broad concept of development, which encompasses economic, social, political and environmental themes that are viewed from a variety of contrasting perspectives. It is an area of academic interest and
3 1 Introduction: international development in the 21st century International development refers both to the broad processes of economic, social and political change that affect the world around us, and, more specifically, to the policies that are designed to address key development issues, such as global poverty, environmental concerns and global health pandemics. Such issues are often about saving lives, but transforming lives and changing the way we live are also increasingly significant for international development and building a sustainable future
171 9 Using evidence in international development Ruth Stewart Introduction to evidence use in international development The field of international development has historically lacked a strong evidence base for both policy and practice (White, 2009; Banerjee and Duflo, 2011; Langer et al, 2015). This is despite the size of the global foreign aid budget, which exceeds $120 billion (about £85 billion) (Glennie and Sumner, 2014). The UK’s own foreign aid budget was £13.4 billion in 2016, in line with the legal requirement to spend 0.7% of gross national
Since the 1980s, international development and the global economy have been aligned with neoliberalism, the free market ideology first implemented to disastrous effect in Chile in the 1970s ( Doane, 2011 ). The neoliberal playbook for development in the Global South was formulated in prescriptive, ‘one size fits all’, market-oriented reforms known as the Washington Consensus ( Gore, 2000 ). The Washington Consensus prescribed low taxes, free trade, self-regulation rather than state-regulation, the privatization of public services and the free movement of
Key messages The project format influences how women’s organisations articulate feminist politics. Women’s organisations engage in the work of adaptation and translation to fit feminist politics with the managerial features of the project format, resulting in co-optation and resistance. Assemblage thinking is suggested as a conceptual framework for exploring how feminist politics is shaped by the project format. Introduction In international development aid, the project has enjoyed a prominent position as the preferred organisational form. While
107 Part Two: International developments The chapters in this section have one feature in common: they all address the issue of pressures for change and the actual or potential transformations of social policy in various international contexts. Whether considering a specific policy area, a range of national or regional social policy systems, or the implications of changing work patterns, the chapters all point to the central importance of international comparison for contemporary social policy analysis. John Dixon’s chapter (Chapter Six) provides a wide
105 Part Two: International developments There is a strong flavour of globalisation running through this section this year. Two of the chapters, by Chris Holden and Nicola Yeates, focus specifically on the significance of globalisation as a process affecting social policy development, while Rosemary Sales’ chapter on European migration and Monica Threlfall’s on the EU’s developing social policy agenda set their discussions in an increasingly globalised policy context. The section begins with Holden’s chapter which discusses the impact of globalisation on