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Introduction Interpersonal violence is a common issue around the globe. Per a study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO, 2021 ) from 2000 to 2018 – focusing on women and girls, from 161 countries, aged 15 years and older – one in three women have experienced violence at least once during their lifetime, and approximately 25 per cent of women in the United States have experienced violence. Estimates of interpersonal violence victimisation in rural areas are similar to estimates in urban spaces, while some studies suggest higher rates of

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Interpersonal violence persists across all landscapes, yet research and efforts to prevent and regulate such harms have been focused primarily on non-urban locations. As technology infiltrates all spheres of our lives, it is increasingly used to enact interpersonal violence: this lethal and non-lethal violence occurs in both familial and care settings (including child abuse, intimate partner abuse, elder abuse) and community settings (such as bullying, harassment and assault by acquaintances, strangers or persons who may be known, in social environments

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81 6 Wildlife and Interpersonal Violence While not all wildlife crime involves violence or violent abuse, where it does occur it indicates that offenders may develop a tendency towards violence that manifests itself first in non-human animal abuse, but which sometimes escalates into interpersonal human violence frequently committed by adults against a range of victims (Nurse, 2009; Flynn, 2009). Violent activities involving wildlife may also indicate existing violent tendencies, serving as a means through which individuals can exercise their aggression or

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Introduction To best make sense of interpersonal violence and address it, we need an accurate picture of the nature and scale of the problem. When asked about levels of violence in society, however, people consistently overestimate its prevalence and (often wrongly) perceive things to be getting worse – something commonly referred to as ‘the perception gap’ (see Roberts and Hough, 2005 ; Mohan et al, 2011 ). There are many potential causes of the perception gap, including sensationalist, agenda-driven media reporting ( Peelo et al, 2004 ; Humphreys et al

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273 Families, Relationships and Societies • vol 6 • no 2 • 273–89 • © Policy Press 2017 • #FRS Print ISSN 2046 7435 • Online ISSN 2046 7443 • Accepted for publication 26 May 2016 • First published online 26 August 2016 Research ethics in practice: lessons from studies exploring interpersonal violence in different contexts Jo Vearey, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa Christine Barter, University of Bristol, UK Patricia Hynes, patricia

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293 Journal of Gender-Based Violence • vol 2 • no 2 • 293–310 • © Centre for Gender and Violence Research 2018 University of Bristol 2018 • Print ISSN 2398-6808 • Online ISSN 2398-6816 article THEMED SECTION: Young people and sexual relationships Interpersonal violence and abuse in young people’s relationships in five European countries: online and offline normalisation of heteronormativity Nadia Aghtaie, University of Bristol, UK Cath Larkins, Christine

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What’s Love Got to Do with It?

Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence

This book provides the first detailed discussion of domestic violence and abuse in same sex relationships, offering a unique comparison between this and domestic violence and abuse experienced by heterosexual women and men. It examines how experiences of domestic violence and abuse may be shaped by gender, sexuality and age, including whether and how victims/survivors seek help, and asks, what’s love got to do with it?

A pioneering methodology, using both quantitative and qualitative research, provides a reliable and valid approach that challenges the heteronormative model in domestic violence research, policy and practice. The authors develops a new framework of analysis – practices of love – to explore empirical data.

Outlining the implications of the research for practice and service development, the book will be of interest to policy makers and practitioners in the field of domestic violence, especially those who provide services for sexual minorities, as well as students and academics interested in issues of domestic and interpersonal violence.

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Interdisciplinary Approaches

Gender-based violence (GBV) can take many forms and have detrimental effects across generations and cultures. The triangulation of GBV, rurality and rural culture is a challenging and essential topic and this edited collection provides an innovative analysis of GBV in rural communities.

Focusing on under-studied and/or oppressed groups such as immigrants and LGBT+ people, the book explores new theories on patterns of violence. Giving insights into GBV education and prevention, the text introduces community justice and victim advocacy approaches to tackling issues of GBV in rural areas. From policy review into actionable change, the editors examine best practices to positively affect the lives of survivors.

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A Social Harm Perspective

For many children and young people, Britain is a harmful society in which to grow up. This book contextualises the violence that occurs between a small number of young people within a wider perspective on social harm.

Aimed at academics, youth workers and policymakers, the book presents a new way to make sense of this pressing social problem. The authors also propose measures to substantially improve the lives of Britain’s young people – in areas ranging from the early years, to youth services and the criminal justice system.

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This illuminating study explores crimes against, and involving, wildlife and the resultant social harms.

The authors go well beyond basic conceptions of animal-related crime, such as illicit trade, for a deeper exploration of wildlife criminology, using a novel approach that combines philosophical, legal and criminological perspectives. They shed light on both legal and illegal harms, including blood sports, wildlife as food and abuse in zoos, and consider the potential connections with inter-human crimes.

This is a unique treatment of wildlife as victims of crime and a consideration of their rights as sentient beings that sets new horizons for the concept of wildlife criminology.

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