Knowledge exchange strategies for
interventions and policy in public health1
Promoting the use of research-based knowledge in public health becomes more complex when
public health includes interventions on health determinants. This article examines strategies for
knowledge synthesis, translation and exchange (KSTE) in the context of public health in Canada,
making reference to the work of the recently established National Collaborating Centres for
Public Health (NCCs). NCCs simultaneously pursue KSTE and study how KSTE strategies meet
A vital interrogation of the internationally accepted policy and practice consensus that intervention to shape parenting in the early years is the way to prevent disadvantage. Given the divisive assumptions and essentialist ideas behind early years intervention, in whose interests does it really serve?
This book critically assesses assertions that the ‘wrong type of parenting’ has biological and cultural effects, stunting babies’ brain development and leading to a life of poverty and under-achievement. It shows how early intervention policies underpinned by interpretations of brain science perpetuate gendered, classed and raced inequalities. The exploration of future directions will be welcomed by those looking for a positive, collectivist vision of the future that addresses the real underlying issues in the creation of disadvantage.
Using detailed insights from those with first-hand experience of conducting research in areas of international intervention and conflict, this handbook provides essential practical guidance for researchers and students embarking on fieldwork in violent, repressive and closed contexts.
Contributors detail their own experiences from areas including the Congo, Sudan, Yemen, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Myanmar, inviting readers into their reflections on mistakes and hard-learned lessons. Divided into sections on issues of control and confusion, security and risk, distance and closeness and sex and sensitivity, they look at how to negotiate complex grey areas and raise important questions that intervention researchers need to consider before, during and after their time on the ground.
What do we mean by early intervention? As Eileen Munro (2011) sets
out in her review of child protection, the term ‘early intervention’,
or as she prefers ‘early help’, is ambiguous and open to a wide range
of interpretations. In this chapter I will follow her lead and take
the term to refer to both intervention early in a child’s life and to
intervention early in the development of a problem or vulnerability,
whatever the age of the child or young person. My focus will be on
early intervention in relation to
The intervention studies reviewed in the next three chapters cover a
wide range of communication areas but in a piecemeal way. Some
studies are focused at structural and organisational levels. These include
an evaluation of external audit as an agent of change in ethnically sensitive
primary practice; an evaluations of bilingual services in mental health;
an evaluation of an interpreter training project; and an evaluation of an
innovation in ethnic monitoring. At the cusp of structural organisation
Increasing community-based practices and culturally-competent approaches can promote the perpetrators’ engagement in interventions among Turkish groups in England.
The inextricable connections among class, gender power relations and racialisation should be considered in understanding marginalised ethnic perpetrators’ engagement in interventions.
Perpetrators who engage in domestic violence intervention programmes are more likely to complete these programmes than participants who may attend but do not engage ( Kelly and Westmarland
Hallucination and intervention
Brent J. Steele
Department of Political Science, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA
This paper uses the referent of the hallucination as a way to move
with and then past the role of images in intervention. It is used for
two purposes. First, it calls our attention to how often those
advocating intervention refer not to images and what we can
see (but disagree over), but rather to what is not seen. A second
purpose is analytical. I engage research on hallucinations at the
individual level, link this to research
Intervention studies: interpreters
Bilingual services: interpreters – themes
Several studies (for example, Baker et al, 1996; Hornberger et al, 1996;
Baker et al, 1998) examine the impact of different configurations of
interpreting services on a range of outcome measures. Hornberger et
al, 1997, for example, measure communication process and health
professional and user satisfaction outcomes of a remote interpreting
service intervention, finding positive effects. However, little attention
is paid to cultural issues in interpreting, nor to professional
The key theme of this chapter is that government intervention is essential as market forces alone will not deliver the changes required within the timescales necessary. It explores the relationship between government policies and the various interdependencies that determine whether such policies will be effective. One of the propositions of this chapter is that simply designing policies is not sufficient. Successful government intervention requires an understanding of the factors that determine whether the policies will achieve their