Introduction Migrant labour market integration (LMI) is widely regarded as important both to the migrants themselves, and to the economic and social welfare of the host countries. Because migrants, for a variety of reasons, tend to be less successful in host country labour markets than natives, governments often offer various kinds of support to migrants in finding employment. Migrant integration is often equated with LMI, and policy tools to promote LMI are a form of active labour market policy (ALMP). LMI policies and services consist of practical
provision of services concerning the labour market integration offered by the state ( Matikainen, 2003 ; Sunata and Tosun, 2018 ; Mayblin and James, 2019 ; Vandevoordt, 2019 ). CSOs might be involved in collective actions by participating in decision-making processes and advocating for the rights of MRAs (for example, Jaworsky, 2016 ; Rother and Steinhilper, 2019 ; Schrover et al, 2019 ). Moreover, CSOs are involved in public, political and legal advocacy ( Garkisch et al, 2017 ). They can operate as actors who help in setting standards and developing and testing
113 SEVEN Network for the labour market integration of migrants and refugees in Münster, Germany (MAMBA) Nikola Borosch, Danielle Gluns and Annette Zimmer Introduction The acronym MAMBA1 stands for a networking approach to labour market integration earmarked for migrants and asylum seekers in the city and region of Münster in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. In the late 2000s, MAMBA was put in place by a non- profit organisation called GGUA (Gemeinnützige Gesellschaft zur Unterstützung Asylsuchender e.V.) located in Münster, which looks back
235 Labour market integration of women and childcare in Slovenia TWELVE Labour market integration of women and childcare in Slovenia Nevenka Černigoj Sadar Social policy measures related to the family and high labour market participation rates of women have more than a half-century tradition in Slovenia. The aim of this chapter is to highlight the socio-economic, social policy and individual level influences seen on the production and reproduction of gender divisions in care work in the last few decades in Slovenia. It is based on the following assumptions
85 FIVE Labour migration and labour market integration: causes and challenges Bent Greve Introduction Differences in net economic advantages, chiefly differences in wages, are the main cause of migration. (Sir John Hicks, 1932, quoted in Borjas, 2000, p 3) The quote by Sir John Hicks reflects the conventional wisdom of what is the main cause of migration, within and across borders. Even though there might be some truth in the statement, other factors also play an important role when it comes to understanding the complex patterns related to migration and
Introduction There have been many studies on various forms, or proxies, of labour-market integration ( De Beer and Schills, 2009 ; Bal, 2014 ; Berntsen, 2016 ). Among scholars and policymakers, there is a consensus on the economically integrated migrant as a well-paid professional who works in the area of his/her specialisation and rapidly progresses in his/her career ( Baglioni and Isaakyan, 2019 ; Weinar and Klekowski von Koppenfels, 2020 ). However, there is limited knowledge about how migrants navigate complex new relations that underpin their labour
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The motivations of migrants for travelling to Europe vary, and the quality of the processes involved in their settlement and contribution to social and economic development are inextricably linked to their prospects of finding and sustaining good-quality work.
This book explores the labour market integration of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers across seven European countries: the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Italy, Switzerland and the UK. Using empirical data from the Horizon2020 SIRIUS Project, it investigates how legal, political, social and personal circumstances combine to determine the work trajectory for migrants who choose Europe as their home.
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Policymakers throughout Europe are enacting policies to support youth labour market integration. However, many young people continue to face unemployment, job insecurity, and the subsequent consequences.
Adopting a mixed-method and multilevel perspective, this book provides a comprehensive investigation into the multifaceted consequences of social exclusion. Drawing on rich pan-European comparative and quantitative data, and interviews with young people from across Europe, this text gives a platform to the unheard voices of young people.
Contributors derive crucial new policy recommendations and offer fresh insights into areas including youth well-being, health, poverty, leaving the parental home, and qualifying for social security.
, the application of workfare may, however, have the potential to provide new resources to participants and thereby improve their chances for labour market integration; an expressed aim of all programs. Where workfare programmes are designed in this way, the change in the contract of assistance may be towards giving more. More or less System of curtailement: Less eligibility/ workhouse test Convergence 1. Diffusion 2. Programme effects Possible explanations to variation in strategy 1. Ideology 2. Scale matters 3. Policy inheritance matters 4. Target group matters
Drawing on an extensive study with young individuals who migrated to Singapore and Tokyo in the 2010s, this book sheds light on the friendships, emotions, hopes and fears involved in establishing life as Europeans in Asia.
It demonstrates how migration to Asian business centres has become a way of distinction and an alternative route of middle-class reproduction for young Europeans during that period. The perceived insecurities of life in the crisis-ridden EU result in these migrants’ onward migration or prolonged stays in Asia.
Capturing the changing roles of Singapore and Japan as migration destinations, this pioneering work makes the case for EU citizens’ aspired lifestyles and professional employment that is no longer only attainable in Europe or the West.