means recent phenomena. Yet, the rationale for much social policy has been functional, notwithstanding some differences from country to country when it came to who did what – the state, markets or the voluntary sector – within mixed economies of welfare. Countries affected by broadly similar processes of social change over time have required similar services and institutions: schools, universities, hospitals, utilities and so on. How these are organised continues to be worth arguing over. For example, the absence of pre-school education as the legacy of conservativism
65 THREE Implicit values: uncounted legacies Julian Brigstocke, Elona Hoover, Marie Harder, Paula Graham, Sophia de Sousa, Andy Dearden, Ann Light, Theodore Zamenopoulos, Katerina Alexiou, Gemma Burford, Justine Gaubert and Colin Foskett Introduction University–community collaborations are often complex, fraught, emotional affairs. Participants devote a lot of time, energy and emotion to bridging differences, improvising solutions, and making things work. This can be difficult and sometimes frustrating, but can also have a transformative legacy for
85 FOUR Socialising heritage/ socialising legacy Martin Bashforth, Mike Benson, Tim Boon, Lianne Brigham, Richard Brigham, Karen Brookfield, Peter Brown, Danny Callaghan, Jean-Phillipe Calvin, Richard Courtney, Kathy Cremin, Paul Furness, Helen Graham, Alex Hale, Paddy Hodgkiss, John Lawson, Rebecca Madgin, Paul Manners, David Robinson, John Stanley, Martin Swan, Jenny Timothy and Rachael Turner Introduction At some point during our inaugural research team workshop we started to generate many different ideas about how to increase participation in
The election of Barack Obama in the midst of the 2008 economic downturn brought hope to millions and presented an opportunity for expanding socio-economic rights. But the Obama administration was consistently constrained by the challenges of divided government, and the now threatened Affordable Care Act (‘Obamacare’) remains the stand-out welfare reform of his Presidency.
Using new research, Anne Daguerre examines Obama’s legacy on welfare and antipoverty policies, focusing in particular on the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). The book provides an up-to-date account of the contemporary politics of poverty and public entitlements in the US, comparing this with the Western European experience and its traditionally strong commitment to social welfare, to assess what lessons can be learned.
255 FIFTEEN Conclusion: the Blair legacy Martin Powell introduction There are a great number of terms used by supporters and critics to describe New Labour’s social policy (Powell, 1999, 2002; Powell and Hewitt, 2002). They may not be relevant to all sectors, and may apply to different phases of the Labour governments, but they add up to a formidable list of claims: • modern welfare state • new welfare state • Third Way • new Social Democracy • progressive agenda • reformed public services • world-class public services • CORA (community, opportunity
17 2 Alternate: Jane Jacobs’ Legacy Introduction: Jane Jacobs beyond urban celebrity Zipp and Storring (2016b: xvii–xviii) have made a powerful case for revisiting Jane Jacobs’ rich intellectual legacy: There’s no doubt … that this is just the right time for “more Jane Jacobs” … to reimagine Jacobs herself as more than a symbol of urban sorrow or urban triumph. Always idiosyncratic and unorthodox, often to risk being wrong if it means reorienting stale conventional wisdom, she pushes beyond the familiar alarms to see urban transformation as a source of
ONE The legacy of Peter Townsend Adrian Sinfield, Alan Walker and Carol Walker Introduction This book aims to encourage and support a concerted campaign against poverty, inequality and social injustice and to provide a reasoned case for a new approach to social policy and politics to achieve this goal. It seeks to do so in the name of one of the 20th-century’s great champions of social justice, Peter Townsend. Peter dedicated his professional life to fighting poverty, inequality and injustice, and this book stands as a tribute to that legacy, in
11 TWO Forming the multi-storey legacy Over a period of 20 years Britain’s cities were torn apart in a sustained and powerful outburst of demolition and redevelopment. The bulldozers began their work – slowly – in the 1950s and reached the peak of their destructive power in the following decade. In their wake, many of the familiar Victorian buildings of the city centres were replaced with new modern shops or office blocks or with new roads. In the residential areas surrounding the commercial centres, old houses – most of them run-down and overcrowded – were