The evolution of landmark
The three Children Acts of 1908, 1948 and 1989 each reflected the
times in which they were enacted. Sometimes, as in 1908, politicians
spoke of ‘a propitious moment’ or, as in 1989, of recent years having
offered ‘an historic opportunity’ to reform child care law. What was
it, therefore, in these instances, and in 1948, that created the climate
in which it was judged both necessary and opportune to introduce
these major legislative reforms?
I The ‘Children’s Charter’ 1908
Although the Liberal Party had
In this chapter, we outline draft legislation, inspired by the Citizens’
Assembly recommendations, but adjusting them where necessary to
give effect to pregnant people’s rights. The explanatory notes are
light; our decisions are explained in more detail in Chapter 4, and
we strongly advise that Chapters 4 and 5 are read together. The draft
legislation shows that it is possible to design workable legislation that
gives meaningful effect to the rights of pregnant people. We build
here on previous model drafts that we have worked on with
In this chapter we will explore the legal context for adult safeguarding practice,
including the central role played in England by the Care Act 2014 in providing
a framework for adult safeguarding practice. Other key legal frameworks will
also be considered that are not always acknowledged as having a role to play in
addressing safeguarding concerns. Finally, we will explore how practitioners can
develop ‘legal literacy’.
• The framework for adult safeguarding within the Care Act 2014;
• other legislative
Marco E. L. Guidi*
Department of Economics, University of Pisa, via C. Ridolfi 10,1-56124 Pisa - Italy
Bentham's Economics of Legislation
Abstract - This paper aims to highlight the economic dimension of Bentham's legal and po
litical theory. Traditional assessments of the British legal and political system described judges
and statesmen as 'wise legislators' who pursue the welfare of their subjects similarly to virtu
ous householders. Bentham's utilitarian restatement of the 'science of legislation' introduced
a new notion of 'economy' intended as
To outline the rights-based concept design within Welsh law.
To identify the language and philosophy of the law, and its impact.
To evaluate narratives drawn from people.
To consider an intersectional approach to the law, and the implementation gap.
A rights-based narrative within the legislation of the past decade has defined the road map to legal and practice changes in Wales. When we survey the language and the intended outcomes of the legislation, there are some shared themes, which collectively, provide
The American experience of age
In 2006, the United Kingdom finally passed legislation against age
discrimination in employment. The essentials can be summarised
quickly: both direct and indirect discrimination are outlawed; improved
employment protection has been granted to older workers; and
the opportunity to work past the age of 65 is now negotiable with
employers. over the coming years, numerous legal decisions will test
the legislation’s defences, and other political pressures will be
THE IMPACT OF EQUAL VALUE
LEGISLATION IN NORTHERN IRELAND
The introduction of the equal value legis-
lation in Northern Ireland in 1984 was
welcomed bywomen as being highly signifi-
cant.' Progress towards wage equality
between the sexes had all but ceased by the
later 1970s. and the new regulations were
regarded as vitally important in that for the
first time they would allow comparisons
between jobs which were quite different in
nature. provided they were of equal value.
This article examines the implementation of
the regulations in Northern
Policy and Politics, Vol. 9 No.3 (I981), 273-293.
THE POLITICS OF PAY BEDS: Labour
Party Policy and Legislation
Tony Butcher and Ed Randall
In 1976 the Labour Government introduced a Bill into the House of
Commons which proposed the separation from National Health Service
hospitals of accommodation and facilities used for the private practice
of medicine. When this measure received the Royal Assent in the same
year it marked the culmination of a two year struggle over an issue
which had been effectively contained for more than 20 years. Despite
the fact that
This chapter will focus on the different stages of the development of European legislation on equal opportunities and compare the existing framework of Community policies and legislation within European countries. The goal is to identify which regulatory initiatives have improved the female condition and gender equality over time.
Recognising that gender is something that influences people’s everyday lives through their practices, experiences and relationships may help policymakers who undertake a gender analysis 1 to see how the policy process has gendered
to impairment, illness or disability ( Graham and Cowley, 2015 ).
There has been an increasing dissonance between perceptions of the MCA and the MHA in relation to which piece of legislation is utilised most comprehensively within compulsory decision making in mental health practice. Some professional consideration has even led practitioners to suggest the MHA ‘trumps’ the MCA. In fact, in practice, the two are inseparable when it comes to supporting people who have lived experience of mental health difficulties and of being cared for and treated in hospital