Drawing on classical and emerging research perspectives, this comprehensive book provides an up-to-date review of local government in Europe.
Featuring an impressive range of contributors from both eastern and western Europe, the book addresses three main topics: territorial reforms, democratic empowerment of citizens and the role of local leadership, as well as new trends in local finances.
Acknowledging their inherent diversity, the book examines the ways that local governments have responded to shared challenges, such as climate change, increasing populism and democratic deficit in order to identify both the variety and communalities between the country-specific features. In doing so, it provides a rich picture of the latest trends in local government, as well as pointing the way for future developments.
Thus far, this book has highlighted the potential to revisit the history
and geography of English government and to explore the creation
of neighbourhood-level infrastructure that is able to facilitate the
organisation of local communities and foster their engagement in
local initiatives. Such innovation will necessarily involve working with
existing state forms, and, in this regard, local authorities remain critical
in shaping the local political culture and have the greatest potential to
create new opportunities for
Policy analysis in
Municipal governments play a crucial role in the Canadian political system, serving
as a democratic mechanism to address public problems at the community level.
Municipalities are governed by a stable executive body—the council—which is
empowered by electoral mandate to make and enforce binding decisions for the
population and territory within its jurisdiction, and these decisions are backed
up by the police powers of the state. Elected officials debate and sanction policy
This book covered a wide range of questions and aspects related to localgovernments in Europe and set the landscape where the most vivid and relevant dimensions were highlighted and discussed. The topics addressed in these chapters touch upon three main aspects of research on localgovernments:
Space – The spatial and territorial features of localgovernments and their changes. Studies testing the size hypothesis are still common in the field and touch all dimensions of localgovernment performance.
Scope – What are localgovernment functions
government: they can either voice their dissatisfaction in the hope that matters might improve, or they can exit from the localgovernment. It is argued that real and credible options for exit encourage management to be more responsive to voice and that the two mechanisms can be complementary in responsive organisations ( Warren, 2011 ). Exit is generally accessed by the most quality conscious and best-resourced members, while voice requires artistry, networks and persistence to prove effective ( Sharp, 1984 ). By altering political institutions it may be possible to
Summary at a glance This article empirically examines the impact of rate capping on Victorian localgovernment outlays. We also investigate whether rate pegging had a differential effect on different types of Victorian councils. We find that rate capping not only had a differential impact of different categories of expenditure, but its effects varied by council type.
Across the globe, localgovernment systems fall under varying degrees of regulation by higher tiers of government, which range from highly restrictive to rather less prescriptive