Poverty and income maintenance
Ian Law and Katy Wright
This chapter examines the relationship between poverty and ethnicity, assessing the
impact of a range of policy interventions on Black and minority ethnic (BME) groups.
• examines poverty and social exclusion among Gypsies/Travellers;
• looks at evidence on child and adult poverty within and across ethnic groups;
• evaluates explanations for ethnic differences in patterns of poverty;
• assesses the impact of welfare reforms and public spending cuts on BME;
• examines the links
INCOME MAINTENANCE AND
INSTITUTIONAL FORMS: a comparison of
France, West Germany, Italy and Britain
This article undertakes a comparative analy-
sisof income maintenance policies in France,
West Germany, Italy and Britain. highlight-
ing pensions policies in the period 1945-75
and responses to 'new poverty' from 1975-
90. Patterns of growth in social security ex-
penditure in the two periods are compared,
and the Titmuss typology of institutional.
industrial achievement and residual systems
of welfare is used to trace through shifts
Mothers’ child support arrangements: a
comparison of routes through which mothers
obtain awards for maintenance in Britain
This article examines the means through which parents make arrangements for the payment of
child support. The chances of mothers obtaining private maintenance agreements, Child Support
Agency (CSA) awards or no award are compared by examining a number of factors, including the
characteristics of separated mothers and fathers. The analysis is based on data collected through the
Families and Children Study. The results
Perpetrators of economic abuse have been able to pay child maintenance unreliably during the pandemic, including by paying late or less than agreed, or stopping payments altogether.
Of UK female victim-survivors of economic abuse in our sample eligible for child maintenance, 84 per cent were worried about their access to payments.
Victim-survivors shared that they could not rely on child maintenance as a regular part of their budget, and struggled to afford essentials as a result.
The COVID-19 pandemic and the
For too long, disabled people in Britain have been denied access to employment. Now paid work is being presented as the only route out of poverty and dependence on the state. What is the reality?
Working for a living? asks:
Does paid work bring disabled people the benefits they are led to expect, or does it have hidden disadvantages?
Can disabled people who are not able to work expect to enjoy a good standard of living?
The author compares the welfare states of Sweden, Germany and Britain on the basis of social policy provision for disabled people of working age, particularly in the area of income maintenance and employment policy, and uses survey data to analyse the living standards of disabled people both in and out of work.
Working for a living? shows that both employment and welfare policies have a vital role to play in securing a good standard of living. The report brings together policy and outcomes in all three countries, and examines the implications for policy in Britain.
China’s vision for international order is a matter of great global interest. This book analyses China’s vision for foreign policy and how it is seeking to achieve its goals with its immediate neighbours.
The book provides a historically informed account by examining the legacy of China’s imperial past and traditional political philosophy for insights on the country’s view of its place in today’s world. It argues that China today sees the maintenance of order as its own responsibility and that it believes this order needs to attribute different positions and roles to ‘small’ and ‘big’ states to achieve stability. Furthermore, it explores the different tools which China employs to achieve its vision, including a proactive diplomacy, the control of international discourse, threat of punishment for ‘misbehaviour’ and the promise of economic benefits in return for compliance.