This collection offers a comprehensive review of the origins, scale and breadth of the privatisation and marketisation revolution across the criminal justice system.
Leading academics and researchers assess the consequences of market-driven criminal justice in a wide range of contexts, from prison and probation to policing, migrant detention, rehabilitation and community programmes. Using economic, sociological and criminological perspectives, illuminated by accessible case studies, they consider the shifting roles and interactions of the public, private and voluntary sectors.
As privatisation, outsourcing and the impact of market cultures spread further across the system, the authors look ahead to future developments and signpost the way to reform in a ‘post-market’ criminal justice sphere.
Over recent decades, national Higher Education sectors across the world have experienced a gradual process of marketisation.
This book offers a new interpretation on why and how marketisation has taken place within England. It explores distinct assumptions on the nature of graduate work and how the graduate labour market drives the argumentation for more market and choice. Demonstrating the flaws in these assumptions – which are based on an idealised relationship between Higher Education and high-skilled work – this book fills an important need by questioning the current rationale for further marketisation.
Marketisation has been widely acknowledged as a driving force in modern higher education (HE) systems ( Lynch, 2006 ; Molesworth et al, 2011 ; Brown, 2013 ; McGettigan, 2013 ). This chapter explains how the role of competition and markets has transformed HE. It outlines three areas in which marketisation has manifested itself with the current HE landscape in England. These are: the rise of user-pay finance; increasing managerialism; and increasing commodification. Many other influences have been identified as salient impacts of marketisation, including
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This book assesses how the practice of contracting-out public employment services via competitive tendering and Payment-by-Results is transforming welfare-to-work in Ireland.
It offers Ireland’s introduction of a welfare-to-work market as a case study that speaks to wider international debates in social and public policy about the role of market governance in intensifying the turn towards more regulatory and conditional welfare models on the ground.
It draws on unprecedented access to, and extensive survey and interview research with, frontline employment services staff, combined with in-depth interviews with policy officials, organisational managers and jobseekers participating in activation.
market ideologies and the corporate discourse of efficiency and effectiveness, which also suggests
that the lifestyle of academics is affected as well. This article examines how universities in Hong Kong
are affected by the ethos of ‘academic capitalism’, with particular reference to the processes of
corporatisation and marketisation of higher education.
Les universités et autres grandes écoles rencontrent à présent beaucoup plus de défis et sont soumises
à un niveau d’examen externe scrupuleux sans précédent. Tous les pourvoyeurs de la haute éducation
One of the most discussed issues in the context of pension reforms is the marketisation of public pensions. This development was initiated by the 1994 World Bank Report ‘Averting the old age crisis’. Notably since the pension reforms of the early 2000s several European welfare states have lowered the generosity of public pensions and introduced new, private, market-based pension schemes ( Bonoli, 2003 ; Hyde et al, 2003 ; Orenstein, 2011 ). Governments now expect individuals to set aside money in the newly established market-based schemes in
supervision of offenders after their release from prison. The attempt raised serious questions about the role of the private sector in the sphere of criminal justice, especially with the ultimate failure of the experiment and a renationalisation of the Probation Service ( Tidmarsh, 2020 ).
Neoliberalism, the CJS and crime
The relationship between privatisation, marketisation and the CJS is far from simple. Firstly, the term privatisation can have two potential meanings. On the one hand, privatisation can mean the transfer of criminal justice infrastructure from the
The lost decade of social and
affordable housing: austerity
The continuing homelessness crisis reflects the failure of
Ireland’s social housing policy over the past twenty five
years to ensure an adequate supply of appropriate and secure
accommodation for the various types of households in need.
At the same time there has been an increasing reliance on
procuring social housing by subsidising an insecure private
rented sector. (McVerry et al, 2017: 9)
Austerity and marketisation in social housing
In her book The Shock Doctrine