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Part Two Models of care

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policies and gender equality outcomes. Nevertheless, it is noteworthy that both countries in our sample that are examples of the Partnership Model of care policy fall into what Esping-Andersen ( 1990 ) would deem ‘corporatist’ and Daly and Lewis ( 2000 ) would term ‘family breadwinner’ welfare state types. Germany Thirty-three per cent of children under the age of 3 have access to a childcare place (either in nursery facility or with a family-based childminder), but demand outstrips supply. Only 41.5% of these attend full-time, whereas demand in 2014 was 68

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.29: Gender equity and policy transferability of both models of care policy Universal Childcare Model 189.027 Universal Long-term Care Model 126.018 Universal Model Total 315.045 Partnership Childcare Model 178.698 Partnership Long-term Care Model 228.23 Partnership Model Total 406.928 Overall, the Partnership Model of care policy provides the best gender equality outcomes when you take into account the transferability of policies into diverse welfare contexts. However, the Universal Model of childcare policy

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development. This is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for the maintenance of a sustainable rural tradition in the country. Economic development means little if the quality of life of rural people, and particularly those with dementia, is poor because social models of care are so weak. There must be a dual approach to development that recognises the importance of the economic and the social in the lives of the people, including those with dementia. Specifically, progress is required in the following areas: measurement of social progress and social gain in rural

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The Nordic states are commonly held up as an example of universal state provision of services leading to high levels of gender equality. This is slightly misleading: there is no one ‘Nordic model’ of welfare, and even those states with high levels of state control over welfare, childcare and long-term care services have introduced forms of market and individual involvement in the provision of services. Nevertheless, the three case study examples discussed in this chapter, namely, Denmark, Iceland and Sweden all share common features that make them examples of ‘good practice’ in this field: they all have gender equality at the heart of their constitutional framework and policy values; they all score highly on the Gender Equality Index; they all adopt a universal ‘social rights’ approach to the provision of services; and they all have high levels of state involvement in the provision of (or commissioning of) childcare and long-term care services.

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Introduction More than a decade ago, in the context of the project ‘Home Care in Canada: Working at the Nexus of the Public and Private Spheres’ (hereafter referred to as the ‘Nexus’ project), Sims-Gould and Martin-Matthews (2010) proposed a conceptual model of care to capture the interactive nature of care provision. This model of home care was developed in response to the literature’s limited identification of roles, responsibilities and relationship dynamics in the context of home care, where multiple individuals contribute to the care of an older person

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A Comparative Study of England and Canada

This timely comparative study assesses the role of medical doctors in reforming publicly funded health services in England and Canada.

Respected authors from health and legal backgrounds on both sides of the Atlantic consider how the high status of the profession uniquely influences reforms. With summaries of developments in models of care, and the participation of doctors since the inception of publicly funded healthcare systems, they ask whether professionals might be considered allies or enemies of policy-makers.

With insights for future health policy and research, the book is an important contribution to debates about the complex relationship between doctors and the systems in which they practice.

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International Best Practice in Childcare and Long-term Care Policy

EPDF and EPUB available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Drawing on comparative research from five countries, What Works in Improving Gender Equality provides an accessible analysis of what gender equality means and how we can achieve it by adapting best practices in care policies from other countries.

Realistic policy solutions are reached by examining the contexts in which childcare and longterm care policies are developed, and what difficulties might need to be overcome in applying the lessons from different international models.

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A Model for International Reform

The UN Global Study on Children Deprived of Liberty detailed many children’s poor experiences in detention, highlighting the urgent need for reform.

Applying a child-centred model of detention that fulfils the rights of the child under the five themes of provision, protection, participation, preparation and partnership, this original book illustrates how reform can happen. Drawing on Ireland’s experience of transforming law, policy and practice, and combining theory with real-life experiences, this compelling book demonstrates how children’s rights can be implemented in detention.

This important case study of reform presents a powerful argument for a progressive, rights-based approach to child detention. Worthy of international application, the book shares practical insights into how theory can be translated into practice.

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A Social Role Valorisation approach

This book’s striking message is that palliative care does not deliver on its aims to value people who are dying and make death and dying a natural part of life.

This book draws from wider social science perspectives and critically and specifically applies these perspectives to palliative care and its dominant medical model. Applying Social Role Valorisation, the author argues for the de-institutionalisation of palliative care and the development of an alternative framework to the approaches found in hospices, palliative care units and community-based palliative care services. He offers a new conceptualisation of death and loss that refines and expands modern understandings in a way that also resonates with traditional religious views concerning death.

Wide-ranging recommendations advise fundamental change in the concept of palliative care, the way support and services are organised and the day to day practice of palliative care.

Rethinking palliative care will be of interest to academics, students and practitioners in palliative care as well as those in disability, social policy, sociology, social work, religion, thanatology, nursing and other health related fields.

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