Modern slavery, in the form of labour exploitation, domestic servitude, sexual trafficking, child labour and cannabis farming, is still growing in the UK and industrialised countries, despite the introduction of laws to try to stem it.
This hugely topical book, by a team of high-profile activists and expert writers, is the first to critically assess the legislation, using evidence from across the field, and to offer strategies for improvement in policy and practice. It argues that, contrary to its claims to be ‘world-leading’, the Modern Slavery Act is inconsistent, inadequate and punitive; and that the UK government, through its labour market and immigration policies, is actually creating the conditions for slavery to be promoted.
Throughout the world, vulnerable subjects are being deceived into entering an abusive journey, in the organ trade, exploitative labour business, and forced criminality – and their lives will never be the same.
This book traces the journey of victims/survivors of modern slavery and human trafficking into and within the UK, from recruitment to representation to (re)integration. Using global comparative case studies, it discusses recruitment tactics and demand, prevention in supply chains, issues with effective legal protection and care services, vulnerability to re-trafficking and the ideological misrepresentation of vulnerable migrants and victims/survivors in media, the film industry, legislation, and more.
Rooted in diverse practitioner experience, disciplines and empirical research, this book bridges the experience-research-practice-policy gap by bringing to the fore survivors’ voices. In doing so, it offers crucial suggestions for better public awareness, policies and practices that will impact interventions in the UK and beyond.
This book presents a novel interpretation of the nature, causes and consequences of sex inequality in the modern labour market. Employing a sophisticated new theoretical framework, and drawing on original fieldwork, the book develops a subtle account of the phenomenon of sex segregation and offers a major challenge to existing approaches.
In an environment increasingly defined by attempts to converge and consolidate international policy objectives, an in-depth understanding of contemporary forms of inequality is vital to anyone interested in the effective translation of normative accounts of social justice into practical policy. Aimed at academics and advanced students working in social policy, sociology and political science, as well as policy makers, this book makes an important contribution to knowledge and debate in the field.
Key learning outcomes By the end of this chapter, you should be able to: Explain the modern organisation of the prison estate in England and Wales Describe how prisoners are categorised Understand who is sentenced to prison and what for Introduction This chapter focuses on the modern context of prisons. It draws on a range of data to provide a sense of the current state of the prison system. The chapter discusses the size of the prison estate, types of prisons including prison privatisation, and who is in prison and for what offence. The
1 Mittermaier’s Modern Message Christopher Torr In an age of frequent upgrades and instant downloads, it is nice to come across a work of art containing an ancient line of thought and a modern message. Karl Mittermaier submitted the final draft of his doctoral thesis to the University of the Witwatersrand in March 1987. A physical copy is housed in the Cullen Library of the university. He commenced the project over 30 years ago. Through the good offices of Bristol University Press, and in particular on account of the enthusiasm of the senior consulting
Three contributions to this issue of the Journal of Poverty and Social Justice form a themed section focused on modern slavery from the perspective of the United Kingdom. The contributions for this themed section were commissioned well over a year ago but its publication is timely. With the mass displacement of Ukrainian citizens seeking refuge from the war in Ukraine, charities and organisations working in this area have warned of the risks of exploitation and abuse, especially in the UK’s ‘Homes for Ukraine’ sponsorship scheme. 1 It is therefore a
Over recent decades, national Higher Education sectors across the world have experienced a gradual process of marketisation.
This book offers a new interpretation on why and how marketisation has taken place within England. It explores distinct assumptions on the nature of graduate work and how the graduate labour market drives the argumentation for more market and choice. Demonstrating the flaws in these assumptions – which are based on an idealised relationship between Higher Education and high-skilled work – this book fills an important need by questioning the current rationale for further marketisation.
137 4 From Political Enterprise to the Modern State So far in the first part of this book, I have addressed the notion of property as being primarily a legal notion, giving the owner a right of decision- making as a matter of principle towards the object of property. Modern property is part of a constitutional mode of government, being part of the rights of autonomy enabling private persons to autonomously conduct their lives. Public prerogatives are performed by Organs of the State, via procedures which are radically different from the rights of autonomy
21 CHAPTER TWO ‘How to be modern’: theorising modernity Introduction Most theoretical perspectives derived from sociology and social theory tend to argue that modernity – itself a contested term – has not yet been exhausted. ‘What is the nature of the modernity which we inhabit?’ is a key question preoccupying many theorists, giving rise to a plethora of competing views on what it is to be ‘modern’ and on how moderns think, feel and act (Garrett, 2008). Deliberating on these matters is inescapably political: sociologists and social theorists should not be