53 THREE Multiculturalism, social justice and the welfare state Will Kymlicka introduction One of the major challenges facing Western societies concerns increasing ethnocultural diversity. There are three diversity-related trends that are transforming Western societies: • the increasing ethnic and racial heterogeneity of the population; • the increasing politicisation of ethnocultural identities, and the rise of ‘identity politics’; and • partly in response to the first two trends, the increasing adoption of ‘multiculturalism’ policies to accommodate
117 FIVE A reactionary voice: nuanced views on multiculturalism Introduction This will be the first of two chapters based on research conducted in three different cities in England. There are two substantive points that have been made so far in this book: first, there has been a top- down framing of the white working class as being antagonistic to multiculturalism. (Haylett, 2001; Sveinsson, 2009; Rhodes, 2010; Beider, 2014); and, second, the voice of the white working class has not been directly heard, being mediated instead through politicians and the
311 NINETEEN Without borders: community development, biculturalism and multiculturalism Angela Summersgill E ngā mana, e ngā reo e ngā karangatanga maha, tēnā koutou, tēnā koutou, tēnā koutou katoa. (All authorities, all voices, all the many alliances and affiliations, greetings) Traditional formal welcome in Te Reo Māori Today, Aotearoa1/New Zealand is considered one of the most multicultural countries on the planet. The 2013 census revealed that ‘New Zealand has more ethnicities than there are countries in the world. In total, 213 ethnic groups were
585 Policy & Politics • vol 45 • no 4 • 585–603 • © Policy Press 2017 • #PPjnl @policy_politics Print ISSN 0305 5736 • Online ISSN 1470 8442 • https://doi.org/10.1332/030557316X14745534309609 Accepted for publication 15 August 2016 • First published online 22 September 2016 Superdiversity, multiculturalism and local policies: a study on European cities Maurizio Ambrosini, firstname.lastname@example.org University of Milan, Italy Building on a comparative study of the urban ‘adaptations’ of multiculturalism in eight European cities, this paper addresses four
141 TEN Developing themes on young people, everyday multiculturalism and hate crime Stevie-Jade Hardy Introduction One of the lasting implications from decades of public and political debate on the meaning, application and impact of a multicultural population is the assumption that the younger generation have fully embraced the ‘multicultural ideology’. To Berry (2006: 728), multicultural ideology is ‘the general and fundamental view that cultural diversity is good for a society and for its individual members’. Since the disturbances in Bradford, Burnley
231 ELEVEN the limits of compromise? Social justice, ‘race’ and multiculturalism Gary Craig The idea of multiculturalism is now widely under attack. A former UK Home Secretary argues that Muslim women should be unveiled when consulting him as an MP as he wishes to see their face. In France, the wearing of the veil and other religious symbols has been forbidden at public schools; and in Canada, the Province of Ontario, having proposed a degree of autonomy to Muslims in the exercise of sharia law, have backtracked on that position under political pressure
83 Faith, multiculturalism and community cohesion: a policy conversation FIVE Faith, multiculturalism and community cohesion: a policy conversation Maqsood Ahmed, Ted Cantle and Dilwar Hussain. Edited by Vivien Lowndes Introduction This chapter considers whether the rise of faith identities poses a challenge to multiculturalism as a settlement within the public realm. It also looks at the relationship between faith and the policy agenda for ‘community cohesion’, which has emerged from a critical engagement with multiculturalism. The chapter hosts a ‘policy
25 TWO Multiculturalism and the exclusion of the white working class Introduction How did the white working class come to be seen as ‘a rabble’ when it was once perceived as the bedrock in the building of modern Britain? This question will be explored in the context of multiculturalism and, more specifically, whether its rise paralleled the decline of the voice of the white working class. Our contention is that it was not multiculturalism that led to the marginality of this group in the debates on identity and social change, but shifting policy and
The empirical focus of this book is on the twenty year struggle by parents and members of the Black community in Toronto to introduce an Africentric Alternative School (AAS) with Black-focused curricula.
It brings together a seemingly disparate series of events that emerged from equity and multicultural narratives about the establishment of the school – violence, anti-racism and race-based statistics, policy entrepreneurs, and the re-birth of alternative schools in Toronto - to illustrate how these events ostensibly functioned through neoliberal choice mechanisms and practices.
Gulson and Webb show how school choice can represent and manifest the hopes and fears, contestations and settlements of contemporary racial biopolitics of education in multicultural cities.
122 CHAPTER SIX Superdiversity, multiculturalism and local policies: a study on European cities Maurizio Ambrosini Introduction This chapter, building on a comparative study of immigration policies at the urban level in Europe, discusses the present state of multiculturalist approaches and their adaptations at the local level after the ‘multiculturalism backlash’ (Vertovec and Wessendorf, 2009) in most political discourse. The relations between national frameworks and urban policies, the changing labels and the forms of continuity of local immigration