claims, emphasising representation as the outcome of a dynamic representative–constituency relationship that may not involve electoral politics, enables non-electoral representation. Hence, democratic non-elected representatives cannot rely on being appointed and held responsible for their actions through elections ( Knappe, 2017) . Recent representation theories suggest that non-elected representatives depend on organisational and discursive mechanisms to secure democratic representation ( Montanaro, 2017 ; 2019 ; de Wilde, 2019) . Thus, it is possible to achieve
Remaking governance focuses on the dynamics of change as new strategies - active citizenship, public participation, partnership working, consumerism - encounter existing institutions. It explores different sites and practices of governing, from the remaking of Europe to the increasing focus on ‘community’ and ‘personhood’ in governing social life.
The authors critically engage with existing theory across political science, social policy, sociology and public administration and management to explore how ‘the social’ is constituted through governance practices. This includes the ways in which the spaces and territories of governing are remade and the peoples constituted; how the public domain is re-imagined and new forms of state-citizen relationships fostered and how the remaking of governance shapes our understanding of politics, changing the ways in which citizens engage with political power and the selves they bring to that engagement.
Remaking governance is essential reading for academics and students across a range of social science disciplines, and of interest to those engaged in policy evaluation and reform.
interests P&P_8_Thematic review_Somerville.indd 429 19/07/2011 20:33:32 430 Peter Somerville Policy & Politics vol 39 no 3 • 417-37 (2011) • 10.1332/147084411X581817 of all. They also provide a means to address directly the nature and causes of political disenchantment. Another question to consider is whether non-electoral representation has a legitimate role to play in improving representative democracy. Bang (2005), for example, talks about the contribution that ‘everyday makers’ can make in raising the quality of democratic deliberation, and Saward (2005
central to accounts of governance change. A range of actors and organisations operating across and above national boundaries claim to be representative of different global and local interests, and in ways that differ markedly from the types of claims Remaking governance 186 that traditional state representatives make. The point will be illustrated briefly through the example of stakeholder representation – a relatively new form of non-electoral representation of interests at the global and other levels which has risen to prominence because the governance of