Revisiting advocacy by non-profitorganisations
Steven Rathgeb Smith and Robert Pekkanen
Advocacy on behalf of citizens and communities is commonly regarded as one of the
distinguishing features of non-profitorganisation and can be seen as all the more important
in today’s world. This article discusses the extant literature in order to provide a conceptual
framework to understand non-profit advocacy that is rooted in our understanding of non-profits
as political organisations and representatives of citizen and community interests. It then reports
In writing about the importance of non-profit accountability, Ebrahim ( 2016 : 104) describes how non-profitorganisations are accountable to many stakeholder groups, such as funders, members, clients and themselves. He and others have described how various tools and processes are used to ensure that non-profits are accountable to these stakeholders, such as legal disclosure rules, programme evaluation or performance requirements, and self-regulation or accreditation processes ( Ebrahim, 2016 ; Jeavons, 2016 ; Mitchell and Berlin, 2017 ). Another mechanism
, the government has faced numerous challenges in implementing the FSHS policy since its introduction in 2017.
Many of the remarkable feats in Ghana’s educational improvements have been achieved through public–private partnerships and, in some cases, private efforts. For instance, many non-profitorganisations such as Pencils of Promise, Voluntary Services Overseas (VSO) International and Innovations for Poverty Action play critical roles in ensuring access to quality education in Ghana. They build schools, award scholarships, distribute free learning materials
Technology assistance needs
Our clients need hardware assistance
Our clients need software assistance
My non-profitorganisation needs hardware assistance
My non-profitorganisation needs software assistance
No, we do not need these types of assistance at this time
Lost revenue since 1 March 2020
The Carmichael Mentor Programme provides mentoring free of charge to leaders of small non-profitorganisations. 1 Leaders are often in a ‘lonely position’, caught between the board and the staff, and they may benefit greatly from being able to work with an independent mentor. External support from someone who is independent, impartial and who has personal knowledge and experience of relevance to their situation can play an invaluable role in supporting them in their position.
provides an introduction to mentoring;
class, which result from colonial times in the US, are replicated within non-profitorganisations, and social groups at the bottom of the hierarchy are not always leading or included within these processes and spaces.
Throughout history, systematically marginalised social groups have frequently adopted their own ways of understanding and exercising public leadership to gain cultural, political and economic resources ( DiTomaso and Hooijberg, 1996 ; Scandura and Lankau, 1996 ; Peterson and Hunt, 1997 ; House et al, 1999 ; Kellerman and Webster, 2001 ). Thus, non
Current state of non-profitorganisations
and the ‘New Public Commons’
Lately, there are many books that discuss the non-profit sector or civil society in
Japan.1 They mainly focus on the civic movement after the 1995 Hanshin Awaji
earthquake, and on the making of the new Law Concerning the Promotion of
Specific Non-ProfitOrganisation Activities (NPO Law). However, this chapter deals
with the revision of the Civil Code and the NPO Law after the Great East Japan
Earthquake of 11 March 2011.
The administration of the
Since the 1960s, non-profitorganisations (NPOs) have increasingly provided support and services as well as advocacy and rights promotion, thus playing a key role in political systems within Western societies ( Schlozman and Tierney, 1986 ; Berry, 1977 , 1999 ; Walker, 1991 ; Baumgartner and Leech, 1998 ; Berry and Wilcox, 2009 ; Johansson and Lee, 2014 ; Yoshioka, 2014 ). During the past 25 years, autism advocacy organisations have also expanded massively ( Cusack, 2017 ). NPOs can potentially convey the interests of groups that are