41 FOUR Nutrition in marginalised groups Rosalind Fallaize and Julie Lovegrove Introduction The nutritional intake of the homeless and other marginalised groups, including those surviving on limited income, is inadequate. This chapter gives an overview of key nutritional issues and contemporary advances in human nutrition in marginalised groups and provides insight from primary research into the nutritional needs of vulnerable groups. There is evidence to suggest that the dietary choices of communities on low income, including the homeless and families
7 eIGHT Inequalities in food and nutrition: challenging ‘lifestyles’ Elizabeth Dowler, Martin Caraher and Paul Lincoln This chapter examines work on inequalities in food and nutrition in the UK since the late 1990s, looking at how problems have been constructed and measured, responses by government and civil society, and future challenges. It begins by summarising data on social inequalities in food and nutritional intakes and outcomes, focusing largely on income and occupationally based inequalities, and outlines why these outcomes are thought to occur
197 ELEVEN Migration and nutrition Janice L. Thompson, Joy Merrell, Barry Bogin, Hannah Jennings, Michael Heinrich, Vanja Garaj, Diane Harper, Bablin Molik and Jasmin Chowdhury Introduction The Bangladeshi population is one of the fastest growing ethnic groups within the UK. In 2011 the Bangladeshi population resident in England and Wales was 447,201, or 0.8 per cent of the total UK population; this is an increase of just over 50 per cent from the previous census in 2001 (ONS, 2012). Additionally, this group is reported to be one of the most deprived
Introduction In this chapter, we selectively examine the significance of nutrition and health as well as the role of clean water, for example, what is likely to happen to the poor if natural resources such as water are insufficiently available to them; what is the extent of food security and its effects on nutrition and health including on the urban poor? How do urban pollution and the lack of sanitary facilities affect the poor? And how forest inhabitants’ flailing rights impinge directly on the poor. Some of India’s new laws created legal entitlements over
focus with the exploration of nutrition and lifestyle-related patterns that could bring complementary knowledge about determinants that may cause or protect against cancer ( WCRF and AICR, 2018 ). Meta-analyses of observational studies using holistic approaches by the identification of broader dietary or lifestyle patterns, concluded that the adherence to prudent/healthy dietary patterns, generally characterised by vegetables, fruits and whole grain cereal consumption, could protect from breast and gastric cancers ( Brennan et al, 2010 ; Bertuccio et al, 2013
Introduction While several studies have emphasized the vulnerability and helplessness of women during disasters due to sociocultural norms ( Ikeda 1995 ; Enarson and Morrow 1998 ; Fothergill 1998 ; Rashid 2002 ; Enarson and Meyreles 2004 ; Islam 2011 ), research in this area remains limited. This chapter presents the implication of gender roles to children’s food and nutrition security in extreme weather events (EWEs). 1 More specifically, it links three factors: EWEs, maternal care, and child nutrition preservation in the face of a flooding disaster
This volume and its companion, The New Dynamics of Ageing Volume 1, provide comprehensive multi-disciplinary overviews of the very latest research on ageing. Together they report the outcomes of the most concerted investigation ever undertaken into both the influence shaping the changing nature of ageing and its consequences for individuals and society.
This book concentrates on four major themes: autonomy and independence in later life, biology and ageing, food and nutrition and representation of old age. Each chapter provides a state of the art topic summary as well as reporting the essential research findings from New Dynamics of Ageing research projects. There is a strong emphasis on the practical implications of ageing and how evidence-based policies, practices and new products can produce individual and societal benefits.
This book offers a unique multi-disciplinary perspective on tackling health inequalities in a rich country, examining the New Labour policy agenda for tackling health inequalities and its inherent challenges.
The book presents an overview of progress since the publication of the seminal and ambitious 1998 Acheson Inquiry into health inequalities, and the theoretical and methodological issues underpinning health inequalities. The contributors consider the determinants of inequality - for example, early childhood experience and ethnicity - the factors that mediate the relationship between determinants and health - nutrition, housing and health behaviour - and the sectoral policy interventions in user involvement, local area partnership working and social work.
Challenging health inequalities offers a combination of broad analysis of progress from differing perspectives and will be key reading to academics, students and policy makers.
411 Section VIII Does early nutrition affect later health? 33 In D. Smith (ed) (1996) The history of nutrition in Britain in the twentieth century: Science, scientists and politics, London: Routledge, pp 214-37 Does early nutrition affect later health? Views from the 1930s and 1980s George Davey Smith and Diana Kuh Introduction Recently there has been a shift in the focus of investigations of the causes of chronic disease from health-related behaviours and risk factors acting during adulthood to experiences occurring during early life: in childhood, infancy