43 4 NATURE AND EXTENT OF ONLINE AND OFFLINE ISLAMOPHOBIA The terrorist attacks in Paris, Tunisia and Woolwich have led to a significant increase in Islamophobic hostility, which has culminated in a rise in reprisal attacks against Muslim communities. Typically, these attacks happen in street-based Islamophobic hostility; nevertheless, an increase in online Islamophobia has resulted in a debate about the nature of online and offline Islamophobia, and the relationship between the two. Muslims, particularly those with a ‘visible’ Muslim identity, suffer
55 ISLAMOPHOBIA 54 5 IMPACTS OF ONLINE AND OFFLINE ISLAMOPHOBIA This chapter discusses the impacts of online and offline Islamophobic hate crime for victims and their families. Correspondingly, participants experienced a range of psychological and emotional responses such as low confidence, depression and anxiety as well as increased feelings of vulnerability, fear and insecurity. Additionally, participants highlighted the relationship between online and offline Islamophobia, and described living in fear because of the possibility of online threats
71 FIVE Protest spaces online and offline: the Indignant movement in Syntagma Square Anastasia Kavada and Orsalia Dimitriou Introduction The summer of 2011 saw the largest occupation of public space in Greece in recent memory. Enraged by the government’s austerity measures and following the example of the square occupations in Spain, thousands of people flooded Syntagma Square in the centre of Athens on 25 May 2011. Calling themselves ‘Αγανακτισμένοι’, meaning ‘Indignants’ in Greek, protesters stayed in the square for nearly two months, turning it into a
Islamophobia examines the online and offline experiences of hate crime against Muslims, and the impact upon victims, their families and wider communities. Based on the first national hate crime study to examine the nature, extent and determinants of Muslim victims of hate crime in the virtual and physical worlds, it highlights the multidimensional relationship between online and offline anti-Muslim attacks, especially in a global context. It includes the voices of victims themselves which leads to a more nuanced understanding of anti-Muslim hate crime and prevention of future anti-Muslim hate crime as well as strategies for future prevention.
293 Journal of Gender-Based Violence • vol 2 • no 2 • 293–310 • © Centre for Gender and Violence Research 2018 University of Bristol 2018 • Print ISSN 2398-6808 • Online ISSN 2398-6816 https://doi.org/10.1332/239868018X15263879270302 article THEMED SECTION: Young people and sexual relationships Interpersonal violence and abuse in young people’s relationships in five European countries: online and offline normalisation of heteronormativity Nadia Aghtaie, email@example.com University of Bristol, UK Cath Larkins, CLarkins@uclan.ac.uk Christine
that come through family and friends are still the main drivers of these students’ engagement with charity on social media, echoing some previous sector research (such as Bhagat et al, 2010 ; Meer, 2011 ; Payne et al, 2014 ). Data reveal a continuing importance of focusing on fundraising through existing offline networks despite the supposed global connectivity and awareness that social media platforms offer, but that the right celebrity or organisational backing can help a charity message cut through. The conclusion therefore notes the potential limitations of
59 FOUR Weaving family connections on- and offline: the turn to networked individualism Anabel Quan-Haase, Hua Wang, Barry Wellman, and Renwen Zhang Introduction Older adults (65+) are now flocking to information and communication technologies (ICTs) in North America after decades of lower usage than that of younger adults (Anderson and Perrin, 2017). With a significant majority of older adults now using ICTs to engage in a range of activities (Anderson and Perrin, 2017), it is important to understand how they use them to shape family life and dynamics
Drawing on the latest research, theory and practice, this is the first book to provide social workers with an evidence-based, practical guide to safeguarding children and young people from abuse, in a world of sexting, selfies and snap chat.
It presents an overview of the key e-safety and online risks to children and young people, including dark play, digital self-harm, and online grooming, sexualisation, bullying, offending and radicalisation. It also examines online boundaries, relationships and identity and the future of technologies.
Case study examples and discussion of key principles will help social workers consider, mitigate and manage online risks and their effects for safeguarding children and young people, and their families and carers.
As internet use is extending to younger children, there is an increasing need for research focus on the risks young users are experiencing, as well as the opportunities, and how they should cope. With expert contributions from diverse disciplines and a uniquely cross-national breadth, this timely book examines the prospect of enhanced opportunities for learning, creativity and communication set against the fear of cyberbullying, pornography and invaded privacy by both strangers and peers. Based on an impressive in-depth survey of 25,000 children carried out by the EU Kids Online network, it offers wholly new findings that extend previous research and counter both the optimistic and the pessimistic hype. It argues that, in the main, children are gaining the digital skills, coping strategies and social support they need to navigate this fast-changing terrain. But it also identifies the struggles they encounter, pinpointing those for whom harm can follow from risky online encounters. Each chapter presents new findings and analyses to inform both researchers and students in the social sciences and policy makers in government, industry or child welfare who are working to enhance children’s digital experiences.
Focusing on online facilitated child sexual abuse, this book takes a rigorous approach to existing literature to address some of the most pressing public and policy questions surrounding the evolution of online child sexual abuse.
The authors provide an unparalleled examination of which children are most vulnerable to this type of abuse, how their vulnerability is made, what they are vulnerable to and how resilience, both human and technical, can be promoted. They also consider the changing nature of child sexual abuse in the digital age and the consequences of this for victims and survivors, as well as for practitioners and policymakers working in prevention and response.