163 9 Reconsidering policy change Introduction Policy change occurs when the goals, methods or effects of a policy are modified. Policy change can occur at many levels and scales, ranging from small adjustments to existing regulations (for example, minor reductions in corporate income tax), through to introducing new social security programs or new environmental protection policies. For many leaders, managers and citizens, the arguments about policy change are the centrepiece of public policy debates. To understand the dynamics of these debates and
face of policymaking, particularly the role of scientific information in policymaking and the factors that facilitate or impede policy-oriented learning. Yet, the ACF also makes room for the powering face of policymaking, as ACF scholars have developed a typology of coalition resources and have acknowledged that, in most policy subsystems, the relative power of advocacy coalitions shapes policymaking. The ACF’s incorporation of power is most explicit in its theory of policy change, particularly in the second policy change hypothesis which states that major policy
77 FIVE Conservative health policy: change, continuity and policy influence Rob Baggott Health policy has long been regarded as a core Labour issue and this has been especially so since the 1980s. The Conservative Party has faced an uphill task in persuading voters and NHS staff of the merits of its policies. This would scarcely matter if health and health care were minor issues. However, between 1995 and 2007 opinion polls identified health care as one of the top issues for voters. It was the most prominent issue for most of this period, with between
325 Policy & Politics vol 39 no 3 • 325-42 (2011) • 10.1332/030557310X520252 © The Policy Press, 2011 • ISSN 0305 5736 Key words: long-term care • policy change • transnational transfer • cross-country comparison The introduction of long-term care policy schemes: policy development, policy transfer and policy change Hildegard Theobald and Kristine Kern Since the early 1990s, several European countries (and Japan) have in turn introduced new long-term care schemes. Our analysis starts with the assumption that the policy design of the long-term care schemes
polic.vandPolitics. VoL 12 NO.1 (1984), 71-84 POLICYCHANGES, CONFIGURATIONS AND CATASTROPHES David Starkie Introduction Crucialto the understanding of public policy is a conception of why and howgovernment policies change. Why, for example, do certain issues get raised as such in the first place, why do some issues get on to the politicalagenda and, once having done so, how are they analysed and howdo governments finally react? This paper is concerned with the last ofthesequestions and particularly with the form or pattern of the politi- cal response(or what
37 3 Social work, problem definition and policy change in the US: the case of sex-trafficked youth Lisa Werkmeister Rozas, Megan Feely and Jason Ostrander Introduction Society comprises the social relations, social institutions and dominant ideologies that are present in and influence the social order. Social work is known for servicing populations that are the most vulnerable and oppressed within the construct of a particular social structure. The profession recognises the role people and social forces play in an individual’s everyday life. One of its
Introduction Policy scholars have taken a great interest in the patterns and causes of policy change. For example, policy change constitutes the central empirical phenomenon that policy process theories such as the Advocacy Coalition Framework, the Punctuated Equilibrium Theory (PET), or the Multiple Streams Framework strive to explain ( Weible and Sabatier, 2017 ). In terms of the patterns of change, policy scholars have acknowledged the occurrence of both transformative and incremental policy change, as well as the existence of incremental change that can
125 Participatory action research and policy change Brett G. Stoudt, María Elena Torre, Paul Bartley, Fawn Bracy, Hillary Caldwell, Anthony Downs, Cory Greene, Jan Haldipur, Prakriti Hassan, Einat Manoff, Nadine Sheppard and Jacqueline Yates The Morris Justice Project (MJP) works in an area of New York City that is internationally renowned for its place in urban music and culture as much as the stigma that is associated with its reputation. MJP is an informal collection of collaborators and, through its members, is connected with an academic
Neoliberal reforms have seen a radical shift in government thinking about social citizenship rights around the world. But have they had a similarly significant impact on public support for these rights? This unique book traces public views on social citizenship across three decades through attitudinal data from New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Australia.
It argues that support for some aspects of social citizenship diminished more significantly under some political regimes than others, and that limited public resistance following the financial crisis of 2008-2009 further suggests the public ‘rolled over’ and accepted these neoliberal values. Yet attitudinal variances across different policy areas challenge the idea of an omnipotent neoliberalism, providing food for thought for academics, students and advocates wishing to galvanise support for social citizenship in the 21st century.
141 SIX implications for understanding global social policy change Recapitulation and explanation At the outset of the book it was suggested that the decision by the ILO to agree a Recommendation on SPFs required explanation. There were indeed several aspects of the development of the policy on SPFs that demanded an explanation. An earlier attempt by the UK’s Gordon Brown in 2000 to get the UN to agree to a set of universal social policy principles was unacceptable to much of the Global South. What shifted in the global political context between 2000 and