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This important book offers practical advice for using evidence and research in policymaking. The book has two aims. Firstly, it builds a case for ethics and global values in research and knowledge exchange, and secondly, it examines specific policy areas and how evidence can guide practice.
The book covers important policy areas including the GM debate, the environment, Black Lives Matter and COVID-19. Each chapter assesses the ethical challenges, the status of evidence in explaining or describing the issue and possible solutions to the problem. The book will enable policymakers and their advisors to seek evidence for their decisions from research that has been conducted ethically and with integrity.
165 ELEVEN Policy analysis and policymaking by Japanese political parties Takahiro Suzuki Background to the bureaucracy-centred policymaking system in Japan The bureaucracy has been the primary vehicle for policy analysis and the policymaking process of Japan since the Meiji Restoration. While there have been numerous changes in Japan’s domestic political landscape since the Second World War, the end of the 1955 system and other events, there has not been a major change to this policymaking process. While there have been some attempts in the past to alter
143 NINE Europeanisation of policy-making in Turkey and its limits1 H. Tolga Bölükbaşı, Ebru Ertugal and Saime Özçürümez Introduction Domestic policy-making processes are exposed to external influences and/or pressures in a world of increasing globalisation. One extreme form of influence and/or pressure stems from Turkey’s process of accession to the European Union (EU). As the long(est) standing candidate for EU accession for more than half a century, Turkey was declared a formal candidate for accession with the Helsinki European Council of 1999. While
381 Evidence & Policy • vol 14 • no 3 • 381–401 • © Policy Press 2018 Print ISSN 1744 2648 • Online ISSN 1744 2656 • https://doi.org/10.1332/174426418X15330477583836 Accepted for publication 26 June 2018 • First published online 20 August 2018 research SPECIAL ISSUE • Networks and network analysis evidence, policy and practice Evidence-informed policymaking and policy innovation in a low-income country: does policy network structure matter? Jessica C Shearer, email@example.com PATH, USA John Lavis, firstname.lastname@example.org Julia Abelson, abelsonj
467 Policy & Politics • vol 45 • no 3 • 467–86 • © Policy Press 2017 • #PPjnl @policy_politics Print ISSN 0305 5736 • Online ISSN 1470 8442 • https://doi.org/10.1332/030557317X14972799760260 Accepted for publication 09 May 2017 • First published online 14 June 2017 research provocations Improving policy implementation through collaborative policymaking Christopher Ansell, email@example.com University of California Berkeley, USA Eva Sørensen, firstname.lastname@example.org Jacob Torfing, email@example.com Roskilde University, Denmark We offer a fresh perspective on implementation
Succeeding in the art of contemporary policymaking involves designing policies which reflect the deeply interconnected nature of political space. Nevertheless, policy continues to be articulated through age-old categories and hierarchies of scale. This book asks why scale occupies this enduring position of privilege in policymaking, highlighting how scales are far from ‘natural’ features of policy and that they are instead essential to the armoury of policy practice. Drawing on empirical data from the field of education governance, the book traces how scales are crafted and mobilised in policymaking practices, demonstrating that ‘scalecraft’ is key to understanding the production of hegemony.
Introduction The place of experts in politics and policymaking has attracted increasing attention in recent decades, both in public and academic debate. On the one hand, scholars highlight the growing role of expertise in policymaking: decision-makers are increasingly reliant on advanced knowledge to understand and address complex societal problems ( Haas, 1992 ), face growing expectations that policies should be based on the best available evidence about the effectiveness of policy interventions ( Davies et al, 2000 ; Jennings and Hall, 2012 ; Head, 2015
7 TWO Dimension 1: The role of academic research in policymaking Including impact as part of the assessment of academic excellence in the UK has forcefully drawn the attention of universities to the relationship between research and policymaking. ICS will also form part of the forthcoming 2021REF and ‘doing impact’ has now become part of the workload and performance goals of many academics. While the central tenet that academics do have influence on the world around them is not disputed, the necessity and ability of capturing said effects has been
PART I Fundamentals of evidence and ethical dimensions in policymaking
Policy and Politics, Vol. 10 No.3 (1982),289-301 AMBIGUITY AND OBSCURITY IN POLICY-MAKING FOR SOCIAL SECURITY Helen Bolderson 289 THE APPLICATION OF THEORY TO RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN SOCIAL SECURITY IN THE UK A conference on 'Theory and Social Policy' prompted the writing of this paper. Its purpose then was to illustrate how a theoretical framework could illuminate a policy problem and to show that the 'administrative- interventionist' approach to social policy need not be 'atheoretical'.l The major inspiration for the paper, however, came from a concern to