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Introduction The gender gap in political ambition has been well established by studies in a number of advanced democracies ( Lawless and Fox, 2005 , 2010 ; Allen and Cutts, 2018 ). Explanations at the aggregate level focus on institutionalised sexism in political parties and institutions, while individual-level explanations instead focus on gendered socialisation. More recently, attention has turned to personality traits as a possible explanation of individual-level political ambition. Individual-level personality traits have been shown to be associated

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Key messages Candidate selection procedures structure and gender the meaning of political ambition in different ways. To analyse how candidate selection structures ambition, we must consider both men’s and women’s understandings. Introduction Although over 100 countries have introduced gender quota laws to increase the proportion of women in parliaments, men still take up an overwhelming majority of the seats in legislatures worldwide. A large body of research in feminist political science has tried to understand why women are under-represented and

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Introduction Traditional gender roles, gendered political institutions and resource inequities produce and sustain robust disincentives for women to participate in formal politics, fuelling a gender gap in political ambition ( Fulton et al, 2006 ; Lawless and Fox, 2010 ; Hinojosa, 2012 ; Piscopo, 2018 ). This article analyses the Brazilian case, where recent campaign finance reforms are poised to disrupt women’s under-representation (in 2018, women jumped from 10.4 per cent to 14.8 per cent of elected federal legislators). Advancing new data on racial and

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Key messages There is a gender gap in political ambition, even among political and social sciences students. Women are less attracted to the independence and power goals of a political mandate than men. Women are interested in achieving communal goals but believe that they are not central to a political mandate. Preferences for and perceptions about power goals explain political ambition but not the gender gap. Introduction The first step towards a political career is showing political ambition, understood as the willingness to run for political

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Introduction Male over-representation in politics is a universal phenomenon, and scholars have found that women are less politically ambitious than their male peers. 1 This gender gap in political ambition may stem from individual-level ‘supply-side’ factors such as women’s distaste for electoral competition or their lack of self-confidence (for example, Lawless and Fox, 2010 ; Kanthak and Woon, 2015 ; Preece and Stoddard, 2015 ). However, some have questioned whether the political ambition gap is primarily due to gendered socialisation and women

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Basic Human Values in the UK Parliament
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Exploring unique survey and interview data on the personality characteristics of British politicians, this book provides a timely psychological analysis of those individuals who pursue political careers and how they represent their constituents once elected.

Focusing specifically on the Basic Human Values of more than 150 MPs as well as hundreds of local councillors, Weinberg offers original insights into three compelling questions: Who enters politics and how are they different to the general public? Do politicians’ personality characteristics matter for their legislative behaviour? Do voters really get the ‘wrong’ politicians?

Taking a fresh psychological approach to issues that are predominant in political science, this book casts new light on the human side of representative democracy.

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The limits of political ambition?

Gender equality is often seen as a hallmark of the Nordic countries. This book explores this notion by examining the meanings of gender that underpin policies in the Scandinavian welfare states, historically and today.

The book focuses on three Scandinavian countries - Denmark, Norway and Sweden - and explores the policy reforms that have occurred relating to family and care. Beginning with the radical marriage reform carried through in all the three countries in the early decades of the 20th century, the book progresses to explore contemporary challenges to the traditional model of equality, including equal rights for fathers, multiculturalism and a critical young generation. The book focuses on differences as well as similarities between the countries and discusses the relevance of talking about a Nordic model.

Stressing the importance of viewing the concept of equality in its historical context, the book critically investigates and discusses the Scandinavian ‘success story’ portrayed in normative political theory and presents an historical analysis of the development of gendered citizenship rights.

It will be a valuable collection for researchers, lecturers and graduate students who work with historical and contemporary studies on welfare state and gender models from different disciplinary or interdisciplinary perspectives.

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Gender equality and labour market regulation in Sweden, 1930-2010
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Family policy paradoxes examines the political regulation of the family in Sweden between 1930 and today. It draws attention to the political attempts to create a ‘modern family’ and the aspiration to regulate the family and establish gender equality, thereby shedding light on ongoing policy processes within Europe and how these can be understood in the light of a particular political experience.

The book is valuable for researchers, lecturers, undergraduate and graduate students who study gender, gender equality and welfare state development in gender studies, sociology, social and public policy, social work, politics and social/contemporary history

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Representation and Marginalization in British Politics
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In the century since women were first eligible to stand and vote in British general elections, they have relied on news media to represent their political perspectives in the public realm.

This book provides a systematic analysis of electoral coverage by charting how women candidates, voters, politicians' spouses, and party leaders have been portrayed in newspapers since 1918.

The result is a fascinating account of both continuity and change in the position of women in British politics. The book demonstrates that for women to be effectively represented in the political domain, they must also be effectively represented in the public discussion of politics that takes place in the media.

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From Strategy to Decision

Between 2021 and 2031, the UK government is set to spend over £230 billion on its military. Who decides how to use these funds, and how can we be sure that the UK’s armed forces can meet the threats of tomorrow?

This book provides the answers to these crucial questions. Concentrating on decisions taken below the political level, it uncovers the factors that underpin the translation of strategic direction into military capability. In a series of interviews, over 30 top admirals, generals and air marshals give their own views on the procurement and maintenance of the nation’s current and future military capability. Their unrivalled professional knowledge and experience affords a fascinating insight into the higher management of national defence.

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