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41 Policy & Politics • vol 44 • no 1 • 41-58 • © Policy Press 2016 • #PPjnl @policy_politics Print ISSN 0305 5736 • Online ISSN 1470 8442 • article Political control or legitimacy deficit? Bureaucracies’ symbolic responses to bottom-up public pressures Saar Alon-Barkat, Sharon Gilad, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel Public administration research has thus far focused on the responses of bureaucracies to top-down pressures by elected

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161 Policy & Politics vol 37 no 2 • 161-77 (2009) • 10.1332/030557309X397955 © The Policy Press, 2008 • ISSN 0305 5736 Key words: administrative reform • immigration policy • institutional change • political control Final submission August 2008 • Acceptance September 2008 Organising immigration policy: the unstable balance between political control and agency autonomy Tom Christensen and Per Lægreid In this article we ask to what extent and how political executives balance political control and agency autonomy in immigration policy and how this is reflected

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53 CHAPTER THREE Political control or legitimacy deficit? Bureaucracies’ symbolic responses to bottom-up public pressure Saar Alon-Barkat and Sharon Gilad Introduction A large body of public administration literature focuses on the response of bureaucracies – whether government ministries or separate agencies – to political signalling, pressure and control. Building on principal– agent theory, this literature demonstrates politicians’ direct and indirect control over bureaucratic behaviour (for example, Moe, 1984; Wood and Waterman, 1991; Epstein and O

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57 THREE Political control and bureaucratic expertise: policy analysis by ministerial cabinet members Marleen Brans, Christian de Visscher, Athanassios Gouglas and Sylke Jaspers Belgium has a long tradition of engaging ministerial cabinets in policymaking. As a matter of fact, its ministerial cabinet system is one of the oldest in the world, and one of the closest to the ideal, the other exemplar being the French system. Ministerial cabinets (MCs) are not to be confused with cabinets of ministers. The latter refer to the core executive, in particular

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Exploring the Role of News Media in Complex Systems of Governance

First published as a special issue of Policy & Politics, this updated volume explores the intersections between governance and media in western democracies, which have undergone profound recent changes. Many governmental powers have been shifted toward a host of network parties such as NGOs, state enterprises, international organizations, autonomous agencies, and local governments. Governments have developed complex networks for service delivery and they have a strategic interest in the news media as an arena where their interests can be served and threatened.

How do the media relate to and report on complex systems of government? How do the various governance actors respond to the media and what are the effects on their policies? This book considers the impact of media-related factors on governance, policy, public accountability and the attribution of blame for failures.

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Editors: Marleen Brans and David Aubin

This unique book presents the first systematic overview of policy analysis activities in Belgium. Contributors from both sides of the Dutch-French language border (from research institutes in Flanders, Brussels and Wallonia) use original empirical data, through surveys and interviews with key players both within and outside government, to provide a comprehensive study of policy analysis in a multi-level polity.

By the very nature of the Belgian experience, the volume is comparative, drawing conclusions on divergence and convergence of policy analysis, making it an important resource for both national and international scholars.

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Challenging Austerity through Municipal Entrepreneurialism

This book provides crucial insight into the fight back against austerity by local authorities through emerging forms of municipal entrepreneurialism in housing delivery.

Capturing this moment within its live context, the authors examine the ways that local authorities are moving towards increased financial independence based on their own activities to implement new forms and means of housebuilding activity. They assess these changes in the context of the long-term relationship between local and central government and argue that contemporary local authority housing initiatives represent a critical turning point, whilst also providing new ways of thinking about meting housing need.

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Author: Stephen Leach

The Local Government Act 2000 has transformed the way in which local politics operates within local authorities. Local councillors have had to adjust to the introduction of elected mayors, cabinet government and scrutiny committees, and cope with a range of other new initiatives. This book is a unique attempt to provide a coherent analysis of the impact of these changes on the world of local politics.

The book provides a comprehensive review of the operation of politics in local government, including the impact of national and local political parties on the behaviour of party groups in local authorities, the way party groups interact with each other, the changing role of local political leadership and the relationship of local politicians with senior council officers.

The changing role of local politics in Britain Is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students and their teachers on local government, politics, public policy and public administration courses, as well as officers in local authorities who wish to gain a deeper understanding of the political environment in which they work.

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Author: Joanne Warner

For several decades, social work and child protection systems have been subject to accelerating cycles of crisis and reform, with each crisis involving intense media and political scrutiny. In understanding the nature and causes of this cycle, little attention has been paid to the importance of collective emotions.

Using a range of cases from the UK, and also considering cases from the Netherlands, the US and New Zealand, this book introduces the concept of emotional politics. It shows how collective emotions, such as anger, shame, fear and disgust, are central to constructions of risk and blame, and are generated and reflected by official documents, politicians and the media. The book considers strategies for challenging these ‘emotional politics’, including identifying models for a more politically engaged stance for the social work profession.

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The National Health Service and child protection networks

In the context of the ‘cross-cutting’ policy ambitions of the current Labour government, Working together or pulling apart? examines the contribution of the NHS to the multi-agency and inter-professional child protection process. Applying the insights of policy network and inter-organisational analysis, the text:

provides detailed information on the current role played by a range of health professionals within child protection;

investigates the nature and operation of the central policy community and local provider networks;

considers the tensions arising from differences of professional power and knowledge, organisational cultures and agendas, and governance and regulation;

examines the impact of wider socio-political changes on the operation of the child protection process, at both central and local levels.

Working together or pulling apart? will be essential reading for all those working in child protection, at both strategic and frontline levels, within the NHS and other agencies. In addition, it will be of interest to staff and students on undergraduate or postgraduate courses in health, social work, public and social policy.

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