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politicization of aid. Although funding for civil society can come from a number of sources, government assistance and private donations from inside the country are often ruled out in contexts of pervasive poverty levels and repressed civic space. As wealth in those contexts is often acquired in close collaboration with political and business elites, the more affluent sections of society tend to be reluctant to support activities that might challenge the status quo ( Parks, 2008 ). Moreover, in authoritarian countries many organizations try to stay under the radar, which

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23 TwO politicising social work Functional social work: early 1970s style The 1970s saw increasing attempts to organise social work as a profession. In 1971 there was both the publication of the first issue of Social Work Today, a trade magazine for the profession, and the setting up of the British Association of Social Workers (BASW). The following year saw the inaugural edition of the British Journal of Social Work (BJSW) arguably still, in academic terms at least, the most prestigious of the many social work journals. The BJSW was linked with the newly

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Gender relations in welfare states

How to respond to the needs of working parents has become a pressing social policy issue in contemporary Western Europe. This book highlights the politicising of parenthood in the Scandinavian welfare states - focusing on the relationship between parents and the state, and the ongoing renegotiations between the public and the private.

Drawing on new empirical research, leading Scandinavian academics provide an up-to-date record and critical synthesis of Nordic work-family reforms since the 1990s. A broad range of policies targeting working parents is examined including: the expansion of childcare services as a social right; parental leave; cash benefits for childcare; and working hours regulations.

The book also explores policy discourses, scrutinises outcomes, and highlights the similarities and differences between Nordic countries through analyses of comparative statistical data and national case studies. Set in the context of economic restructuring and the growing influence of neo-liberal ideology, each chapter addresses concerns about the impact of policies on the gender relations of parenthood.

“Politicising parenthood in Scandinavia” is a timely contribution to ongoing policy debates on welfare state models, parenthood and gender equality. It will be of particular interest to students and teachers of welfare studies, family policy and gender studies.

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181 CHAPTER NINE Global norms, local contestation: privatisation and de/politicisation in Berlin Ross Beveridge and Matthias Naumann Introduction The emerging political science literature on de/politicisation has focused mainly on national and economic policy and the processes and effects of depoliticisation. This chapter seeks to broaden the scope of the literature by making two important contributions: focusing on the urban (regional/ local) level and examining how strategies and forms of depoliticised governance are repoliticised. Hence, if research

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Part One Politicising parenthood – legacies and challenges

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1 ONE Introduction: politicising parenthood in Scandinavia Anne Lise Ellingsæter and Arnlaug Leira During an historically short time span, family forms and family practices have been profoundly transformed throughout Western Europe. Falling birth rates, ageing populations, rising employment rates of mothers and increasing divorce and parental separation have all prompted questions about the future of the family institution. Demographic, economic and cultural change necessitates welfare state restructuring. Changing patterns of welfare needs and risks are giving

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politicisation of ‘gender’ has also taken place in Western Europe and focus on how this has been driven by parties of the mainstream right and radical right. As a growing literature has documented, parties of the political right have (re)discovered ‘gender’ as a tool for conservative mobilisation – especially focusing on questions of gender and sexual identity. From a vote-seeking perspective, this novel turn against ‘gender ideology’ or ‘woke/cancel culture’ 1 can be promising for mainstream and radical right parties. In Western Europe, the general trend of secularisation

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235 Conclusion: politicising infrastructure or sustainable mobility? Peter Cox and Till Koglin The politics of cycling infrastructure In her work Mobility Justice, Mimi Sheller (2018) devotes a whole chapter to ‘Infrastructural Justice’ highlighting the degree to which infrastructure shapes not only the quality of life, but more fundamentally locates one within social structures of (in)equality. Differential provision and differential life chances are intertwined. Sheller writes of infrastructuring as an active process, involving kinopolitical struggle in

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243 Policy & Politics • vol 42 • no 2 • 243-58 • © Policy Press 2014 • #PPjnl @policy_politics Print ISSN 0305 5736 • Online ISSN 1470 8442 • (De)politicisation and the Father’s Clause parliamentary debates Stephen Bates,, Laura Jenkins, Fran Amery, University of Birmingham, UK Studies making use of (de)politicisation have flourished as governments have embraced technocratic and delegated forms of governance. Yet this increase in use is not always

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259 Policy & Politics • vol 42 • no 2 • 259-74 • © Policy Press 2014 • #PPjnl @policy_politics Print ISSN 0305 5736 • Online ISSN 1470 8442 • Politicising UK energy: what ‘speaking energy security’ can do Caroline Kuzemko,, University of Exeter, UK This article explores one set of conditions under which a policy area, energy, became politicised. It also explores the relationship between concepts of ‘speaking security’, which claim that the language of security is politically potent, and

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