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103 FOUR Provision Introduction A specific purpose of this chapter is to address the central question of who should provide welfare from a service user perspective. Throughout, the qualitative data presented will relate to the three areas of welfare chosen as the basis of the study, that is, healthcare, housing and social security. Initially, the users’1 views on the appropriate role(s) of the state, the individual, the market and so on in terms of welfare provision are explored. This is followed by a consideration of several allied issues that were often

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Section 1 Ethics: Research and provision in health and social care

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in Ethics

133 Part 2 Corporatised governance: provision perspectives

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147 Section C: Commissioning and service provision

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95 5 Is universal provision sustainable? Key concepts in this chapter: deserving/undeserving • selectivism • underclass The argument so far suggests that welfare is achieved through the determination of a number of key components: • entitlement to support; • how support is to be provided; • a move towards universal provision as the ‘gold standard’ of rights-based support; • the nation state as the primary provider of universal welfare needs. This requires a commonality shared between those with access to welfare support, which can exclude others. Despite this

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Tension and Discrimination in 21st Century Britain
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Recognising diverse groups within society is a vital part of policy research and analysis, yet few texts have drawn together the breadth of experiences of welfare provision from a diverse group of citizens.

This book fills this gap, by exploring how diverse citizens experience welfare provision. It aims to promote debate about the importance of social divisions in society and to address the gaps in research, in relation to race, ethnicity, disability, gender and LGBTQ+.

It comes at a crucial time as we emerge out of a decade of austerity, a global pandemic and Brexit, where issues of diversity have been at the forefront of debates, and renews the call for analysis within social policy, particularly on issues of diversity in the 21st century context.

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27 THREE Context of service provision This chapter aims to describe the historic and present day context within which the provision of services for homeless people may be examined. First, processes common to all countries in the EU, which have resulted in increased levels of homelessness and insecure and/or inadequate housing for low-income groups, are identified. Second, national trends in individual countries in levels of homelessness and in the provision for the homeless are outlined, and finally, the changing views of homelessness, in different national

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AIMS This chapter introduces the range of social provision for older people and dis- cusses controversies about the role of social care in the range of public and pri- vate sector provision for older people. One of the important characteristics of social work with older people is its role in organizing and providing services, so practitioners need to gain a clear grasp of where social care fits into the services available. After working through this chapter, readers should be able to: ■ Explore and analyze social provision for older people within a range of

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259 TWENTY THREE Institutional aspects of pension provision Summary British pension provision, featuring low National Insurance pensions, helps to create two nations in old age, one characterised by low incomes and means-tested supplementation, the other by relative affluence due to income from occupational pensions. However, pension reforms enacted until 1978 served to enhance the level and coverage of state provision, leading each new generation of pensioners to be better provided for than earlier ones. Greater coverage of improved occupational pensions

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The Marketization of Care

In the absence of public provision, many governments rely on the market to meet childcare demand. But who are the actors shaping this market? What work do they do to marketize care? And what does it mean for how childcare is provided?

Based on an innovative theoretical framework and an in-depth study of the New Zealand childcare market, Gallagher examines the problematic growth of private, for-profit childcare. Opening the ‘black box’ of childcare markets to closer scrutiny, this book brings to light the complex political, social and economic dynamics behind childcare provisioning.

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