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187 12 Qualitative data analysis Chapter summary This chapter includes: • Advice on preparing qualitative data • Information about coding qualitative data • Ways of analysing qualitative data including content analysis, thematic analysis, discourse analysis and narrative analysis • A real-life example of qualitative data analysis • An overview of data synthesis Introduction In one respect quantitative data analysis is more straightforward, because the data is always numerical – or in a form that can be converted into numbers, such as questionnaire responses

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safety protocols, including physical distancing and the need to limits one’s movements to reduce exposure to the virus, have disrupted traditional methods of qualitative data collection. Qualitative studies rely on face-to-face interaction through interviews, fieldwork and focus group discussions for data collection, and, thus, the transmissibility of COVID-19 and the responses by countries to combat it using lockdowns and physical distancing have impacted traditional qualitative data collection methods. However, there remain a number of methods by which qualitative

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this chapter, we consider how the re-use of qualitative data and its preservation has become especially pertinent as part of an important repertoire of research methods. Our position entails a more nuanced ethical sensibility towards the archiving and reuse of existing research data in the context of capturing the evolving and uneven impacts of crises and understanding the social contexts from which they emerge. We therefore argue for, and raise awareness of, the tremendous value and potential for qualitative data re-use via the associated methodology of qualitative

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43 Youth unemployment and the risk of social exclusion THREE Youth unemployment and the risk of social exclusion: comparative analysis of qualitative data Thomas Kieselbach Introduction YUSEDER The YUSEDER1 research project – ‘Youth Unemployment and Social Exclusion: Objective Dimensions, Subjective Experiences, and Innovative Institutional Responses in Six European Countries’ – tries to answer some crucial questions with regard to the risk of social exclusion associated with long-term youth unemployment. It asks for key mechanisms linking the experience of long

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Lived experiences of online and offline victimisation
Authors: and

Islamophobia examines the online and offline experiences of hate crime against Muslims, and the impact upon victims, their families and wider communities. Based on the first national hate crime study to examine the nature, extent and determinants of Muslim victims of hate crime in the virtual and physical worlds, it highlights the multidimensional relationship between online and offline anti-Muslim attacks, especially in a global context. It includes the voices of victims themselves which leads to a more nuanced understanding of anti-Muslim hate crime and prevention of future anti-Muslim hate crime as well as strategies for future prevention.

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COVID-19 has changed our lives in untold ways, requiring creative solutions in academic research. The pandemic has exposed the gaps in our health systems in unprecedented ways, challenged some prejudices and beliefs and, most importantly, made researchers think and collect data in more inventive ways. With physical distancing recommendations, information technology has become more central in our lives, and for research. This chapter is framed around conversations between the two of us, Deborah Ikhile and Almighty Nchafack, both women African PhD researchers studying in the United Kingdom, about the digital divide in accessing online technologies for academic research in Uganda and the United Kingdom. We focus our discussion on the challenges of the digital divide in these two countries, especially with regard to how this relates to the socio-economic status of research participants.

Almighty: Within the framework of Scaling-up Packages of Interventions for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Selected Sites in Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa (SPICES) project, my study focuses on knowledge translation for cardiovascular health promotion in Nottingham, UK. I am exploring how the places in which people live and work in Nottingham (the UK, a high-income country) influence their understanding of heart health and how this, in turn, affects how well cardiovascular health promotion knowledge is translated.

Deborah: Using a socio-ecological approach, my recently completed study focused on examining the primary health care capacity for early breast cancer detection in Uganda.

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Theory, research and prevention

Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Femicide, the killing of women and girls because of their gender, was until recently included in the category ‘homicide’, obscuring the special features of this social and gendered phenomenon. However, the majority of murders of women are perpetrated by men whom they know from family ties and are the result of intimate partner violence or so-called 'honour' killings.

This book is the first one on femicide in Europe and presents the findings of a four-year project discussing various aspects of femicide. Written by leading international scholars with an interdiscplinary perspective, it looks at the prevention programmes and comparative quantitative and qualitative data collection, as well as the impact of culture. It proposes the establishment of a European Observatory on Femicide as a new direction for the future, showing the benefits of cross-national collaboration, united to prevent the murder of women and girls.

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Legal professionals are thought to have higher levels of mental health issues and lower levels of wellbeing than the general population.

Drawing on qualitative data from new research with legal practitioners, this in-depth study of mental health and wellbeing in the UK and Republic of Ireland’s legal sector is a timely contribution to the urgent international debate on these issues.

The authors present a comprehensive discussion of the cultural, structural and other causes of legal professionals’ compromised wellbeing. They explore the everyday demands and difficulties of the legal working environment and consider the impacts on individuals, the legal profession and wider society.

Making comparisons with systems overseas, this is an invaluable resource that provides evidence-based suggestions for swift and effective organisational and policy-related interventions in the legal sector.

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Patterns, Trends and Understandings

There are great expectations of voluntary action in contemporary Britain but limited in-depth insight into the level, distribution and understanding of what constitutes voluntary activity. Drawing on extensive survey data and written accounts of citizen engagement, this book charts change and continuity in voluntary activity since 1981.

How voluntary action has been defined and measured is considered alongside individuals’ accounts of their participation and engagement in volunteering over their lifecourses. Addressing fundamental questions such as whether the public are cynical about or receptive to calls for greater voluntary action, the book considers whether respective government expectations of volunteering can really be fulfilled. Is Britain really a “shared society”, or a “big society”, and what is the scope for expansion of voluntary effort?

This pioneering study combines rich, qualitative material from the Mass Observation Archive between 1981 and 2012, and data from many longitudinal and cross-sectional social surveys.

Part of the Third Sector Research Series, this book is informed by research undertaken at the Third Sector Research Centre, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council and Barrow Cadbury Trust.

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Understanding of welfare states has been much enriched by comparative work on welfare regimes and gender. This book uses these debates to illuminate the changing gender regimes in countries of Central and Eastern Europe. It has particular significance as countries in the region make the transition from communism and into a European Union that has issues of women’s employment, work-life balance, and gender equality at the heart of its social policy.

The analysis draws on quantitative comparative data, and on rich qualitative data from a new study of mothers in Polish households, illuminating the effects of changing welfare and gender relations from the perspective of those most directly affected - mothers of young children.

This book is an important addition to the literature and is recommended to academics and students interested in the study of gender relations, welfare states, and international and comparative European social policy. The insights gained will also be of value to those engaged in welfare policy and practice.

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