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123 Attempts at regeneration SIX Attempts at regeneration Histories of regeneration As I demonstrated in the Introduction to this book, the need to do something about the problems of the poorest neighbourhoods was recognised by central government as early as the 1960s, and a series of ‘regeneration’ policies followed for the next three decades. By the late 1980s, numerous programmes were running simultaneously: major initiatives like City Challenge as well as smaller programmes of special grant aid. In all, there were no fewer than 15 urban policy funding

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225 EIGHT Housing and regeneration I’m sure there’s some connection between all the changes that are happening, all the building and development, and people not being listened to, and people feeling insecure and threatened in lots of ways, and not feeling part of what’s going on. (Andrea, East Docks) Introduction Housing marks out and shapes disadvantaged areas, creating the physical conditions that help or hinder family futures. It is a dominant issue in the lives of families because it links with so many aspects of local life including neighbours, schools

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Communities, policy and place

After Urban Regeneration is a comprehensive study of contemporary trends in urban policy and planning. Leading scholars come together to create a key contribution to the literature on gentrification, with a focus on the history and theory of community in urban policy. Engaging with debates as to how urban policy has changed, and continues to change, following the financial crash of 2008, the book provides an essential antidote to those who claim that culture and society can replicate the role of the state. Based on research from the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council’s Connected Communities programme and with a unique set of case studies drawing on artistic and cultural community work, the book will appeal to scholars and students in geography, urban studies, planning, sociology, law and art as well as policy makers and community workers.

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A cross national analysis of Area-Based Initiatives

In the face of continuing challenges of urban decline, an increasing local policy activism can be observed in a number of European countries. The implementation of area-based initiatives (ABIs) for deprived urban areas, such as The ‘New Deal for Communities’ in England and the ‘Social City Programme’ in Germany, are examples of these New Localism(s). ABIs can be seen as test-beds for new forms of urban governance seeking to foster an active participation of residents and the Voluntary Sector.

Based upon a comparative research in two cities, Bristol in England and Duisburg in Germany, this book is the first to cross-nationally compare the impacts of ABIs in two deprived urban areas in England and Germany. It evaluates the impacts of these New Localism(s) on organisations and development actors at the neighbourhood level. Using a rich data-set and applying a hands-on methodology it applies a mixed method approach to help the reader with a wider spectrum of illustrations and is aimed at those studying and working in the field of urban regeneration and planning.

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Public Housing, Place and Inequality in London
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Public housing estates are disappearing from London’s skyline in the name of regeneration, while new mixed-tenure developments are arising in their place. This richly illustrated book provides a vivid interdisciplinary account of the controversial urban policy of demolition and rebuilding amid London’s housing crisis and the polarisation between the city’s have-nots and have-lots.

Drawing on extensive fieldwork and interviews with over 180 residents living in some of the capital’s most deprived areas, Watt shows the dramatic ways that estate regeneration is reshaping London, fuelling socio-spatial inequalities via state-led gentrification. Foregrounding resident experiences and perspectives both before and during regeneration, he examines class, place belonging, home and neighbourhood, and argues that the endless regeneration process results in degeneration, displacement and fragmented communities.

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183 Faiths, government and regeneration: a contested discourse TEN Faiths, government and regeneration: a contested discourse Richard Farnell Introduction The engagement of faith communities in regeneration and community renewal is a matter of keenly contested debate. Stakeholders bring varying, and not always compatible, perspectives to the table (Dinham and Lowndes, 2008). Leaders of faith groups aspire to a recognised role in regeneration but are liable to resist uncritical co-option into government agendas. Conversely, the pronouncements of national

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27 THREE Connecting community to the post-regeneration era Peter Matthews and Dave O’Brien Introduction This chapter aims to bridge the discussion of the history of community in urban regeneration with the rest of the book. It does this by advancing a central argument: that urban policy has entered a post- regeneration era. This argument runs alongside a specific discussion of the ‘Connected Communities’ programme. The chapter begins by outlining how and why the era of urban regeneration came to an end, building on the discussion in Chapter Two, with a

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Part One After regeneration?

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239 12 Revisiting the creative city: culture and regeneration in post‑industrial Glasgow Venda Louise Pollock Its new appearance indeed persuades that it may become Britain’s first major post-industrial success. (‘The Repackaging of Glasgow’, Sunday Times, 2 December 1984) Introduction The narratives of cultural regeneration in post-industrial cities are well- known. Landry and Florida’s concepts of the ‘creative city’ (Landry and Bianchini, 1995) and ‘creative class’ (Florida, 2002) informed a raft of urban redevelopment policies espousing that creatively

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Policy & Politics vol 28 no 4 479 Key words: community involvement • regeneration • Best Value • participation Final submission 05 April 2000 • Acceptance 16 May 2000 © The Policy Press, 2000 • ISSN 0305 5736 Policy & tics vol 28 no 4 479–91 A new deal for the community? Public participation in regeneration and local service delivery Paul Foley and Steve Martin English In the UK regeneration strategies and patterns of local service provision have usually been imposed from the top down. Most communities have had little influence over plans to revitalise

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