257 Policy & Politics vol 39 no 2 • 257-73 (2011) • 10.1332/030557310X519669 © The Policy Press, 2011 • ISSN 0305 5736 Key words: Europeanisation • institutional change • regional policy • Turkey Original submission February 2009 • Acceptance April 2010 Institutional change and Europeanisation: explaining regional policy reform in Turkey Ebru Ertugal This article engages in a search for ‘causes of effects’ in order to disentangle the relative roles played by the European Union (EU) and domestic factors in Europeanisation processes in a candidate country
Guido Pellegrini Dipartimento di Teoria Economica e Metodi Quantitativi, University of Rome 'La Sapienza', Piazzale A.Moro 5, 00185, Rome - Italy Stefania P. S. Rossi* University of Cagliari, Viale S. Ignazio 17, 09123 Cagliari - Italy and University of Vienna Ornella Tarola Dipartimento di Teoria Economica e Metodi Quantitativi, University of Rome 'La Sapienza', Piazzale A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome - Italy How Regional Policies Can Affect Growth: A Macroeconometric Model for the Southern Italian Regions Abstract - C a n regional policies accelerate the
145 The reconstruction of regional policy/remaking of the competitive region SIX The reconstruction of regional policy and the remaking of the competitive region Introduction The election of the Thatcher government in May 1979 heralded a new era of spatial policy in the UK. The political and economic crises of the mid-1970s and the acceptance of International Monetary Fund loans, under the Callaghan government, had already reduced the scale of support for the Development Areas (DAs). However, from 1979, the rationalities, objectives, and scale of regional policy
5 THE YOUTH TRAINING SCHEME: regional policy in reverse? Jamie Peck This article draws out some of the regional consequences of the operation of the 'employer-led' Youth Training Scheme (YTS). The scheme, although nationally uniform by design. is found to produce dif- ferent effects in different places. due to the nature of its articulation with the labour market. In depressed local labour markets, the predominant function of YTS is ident- ifiedasthecontainmentofyouth unemploy- ment, while in buoyant local labour markets its job substitution function is most
Marcel A.G. van Meerhaeghe University of Ghent The Regional Policy of the European Communities and the Subsidiarity Principle* 1. - Introduction After enlarging on the subsidiarity principle, this paper deals with the regional policy of the European Community (EC). An outline of the principal Treaty pro- visions in respect of regional policy is followed by a survey of the correspond- ing Community policy. It considers, inter alia, the priority regions and the main instruments of this policy, the so-called Structural Funds. Then the results of the
47 Reconstruction, regional policy, and labour market-building THREE Reconstruction, regional policy, and labour market-building: inter-regional labour transfer policies in the post-war period Introduction The period from 1945 to the late 1970s is often characterised as the high water mark of direct state intervention in the spatial economy of the UK. The experiences of recession in the 1930s and the obvious achievements of the wartime administrations created a political climate in which strong welfare state programmes and strategies could be established and
Based on up to date qualitative and ethnographic research, this book examines youth education-to-work transitions in the UK. Using the theoretical lens of a Foucauldian governmentality approach, the authors consider the ‘why’ and ‘how’ of youth employability training and demonstrate how different employability schemes planned and operationalised in diverse geographical and economic landscapes work in practice. The book examines and compares a range of employment entry route programmes and reveals the tension between employability and good quality employment, and the ways in which young people from varying social and regional backgrounds are positioned very differently within this.
Throughout the history of European integration, economic wealth has increased to the benefit of citizens in the European Union (EU). However, inequalities in well-being persist within and between Europe’s regions, undermining the legitimacy of the EU in the eyes of citizens. This book investigates how the EU can use its regional funding programmes in ways that increase citizen well-being.
The book shows that while EU social investments improve labour market performance in rich regions, they exacerbate income inequality in poor regions. Based on this insight, the book presents a theory on the conditions under which EU funding will enhance well-being. Crucially, it argues the case for enhancing the inclusivity of EU growth, which yields the promise of a more legitimate and stronger union.
In 2003 the Labour Government published its ambitious Sustainable Communities Plan. It promised to bring about a ‘step change’ in the English planning system and a new emphasis on the construction of more balanced, cohesive, and competitive places.
This book uses historical and contemporary materials to document the ways in which policy-makers, in different eras, have sought to use state powers and regulations to create better, more balanced, and sustainable communities and citizens. It charts the changes that have take place in community-building policy frameworks, place imaginations, and core spatial policy initiatives in the UK since 1945. In so doing, it examines the tensions that have emerged within spatial policy over the types of places that should be created and the forms of mobility and fixity required to create them. It also shows that there are significant lessons that can be learnt from the experiences of the past. These can be used to inform contemporary policy debates over issues such as migration, uneven development, key worker housing, and sustainability.
The book will be an important text for students and researchers in geography, urban studies, planning, and modern social history. It will also be of interest to practitioners working in central and local government, voluntary organisations, community groups, and those involved in the planning and design of sustainable communities.
This book reviews how local social and employment policy fields react to the European Social Fund (ESF) to determine the role of the ESF in local activation policies. Drawing on both sociology and political science literature on welfare state reforms, the author examines what shapes local policy reactions to ESF and what effects these reactions have on change in local policy fields.
Comparing data from 18 local case studies across 6 European countries, and deploying an innovative mixed-method approach, the book presents comparative evidence on everyday challenges in the context of the ESF and discusses how these findings are applicable to other funding schemes.