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119 ov er vie w© The Policy Press • 2012 • ISSN 1759-8273 Journal of Poverty and Social Justice • vol 20 • no 2 • 2012 • 119-34 • http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/175982712X652023 Overview: resisting welfare state restructuring in the UK Peter Taylor-Gooby The UK Coalition government’s cut-backs and restructuring of the welfare state imply considerable risks for citizens and for its own economic legacy and re-election prospects. They form part of a larger strategy to set the UK political economy on an entirely new path. This article reviews current proposals and

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An international and interdisciplinary perspective

Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is commonly discussed as an affordable way for cities to build sustainable rapid transport infrastructure. This book is the first to offer an in-depth analysis of BRT, examining the opportunities it presents along with the significant challenges cities face in its implementation. A wide range of contributors from both developed and developing countries bring expertise in fields ranging from engineering, planning and public policy to economics and urban design to provide a big picture assessment of BRT as part of a process for restructuring transit systems. Academically rigorous, based on five years of research conducted by the BRT Centre of Excellence in Chile, the book is written in an accessible style making it a valuable resource for academic researchers and postgraduate students as well as policy makers and practitioners.

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Restructuring and resistance inside the welfare industry

All over Europe post-Second World War large-scale housing estates face physical, economic, social and cultural problems. This book presents the key findings of a major EU-funded research programme into the restructuring of twenty-nine large-scale housing estates in Northern, Western, Southern and Eastern Europe.

Policy and practice between and within the ten countries studied - UK, the Netherlands, Sweden, Germany, Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Spain, and France - is compared. While existing literature focuses on the negative aspects of large-scale housing estates, this book starts from the premise that the estates can be transformed into attractive places to live and focuses on the possibilities of sustainability and renewal through social, physical and policy actions.

Specifically, the book explains the origins and nature of contemporary problems on the estates; examines which policy objectives, measures and processes have had the greatest impact; assesses and compares a wide range of local, regional and national initiatives; discusses current ideas and philosophies, such as ‘place making’ and ‘collaborative planning’ that are likely to influence future policy and practice and provides good practice guidance for neighbourhood sustainability and renewal.

Written by a multi-national team of experts and drawing on original fieldwork, the book provides unique comparative insights into the present and future position of large-scale housing estates in Europe.

Restructuring large-scale housing estates in Europe is an invaluable resource for a wide audience of academics, researchers, students and policy makers in the fields of housing, urban studies, community studies, regeneration, planning and social policy.

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151 8 Public Sector Reform and Work Restructuring for Firefighters in Scotland Eva Jendro and Dora Scholarios Introduction This chapter examines restructuring in the public services as a policy response to fiscal consolidation pressures. More specifically, it describes restructuring efforts aimed at rationalization and efficiency gains at several levels, including national, organizational, workgroup and job. The case study of Fire and Rescue Services in Scotland illustrates the manifestations of work restructuring at different levels of analysis, and

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53 FOUR Urban housing market restructuring and the recasting of neighbourhood governance and community James Rees introduction Housing has long been recognised as crucial in influencing patterns of social interaction and community formation in the UK. The late 1990s witnessed the growth of a stark national imbalance with ‘overheated’ housing markets in the South of England and ‘low demand’ for housing in parts of the North. The policy response to the issue of low demand was to create a Housing Market Renewal (HMR) programme, whose central task was to

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299 FIFTEEN Restructuring large housing estates: does gender matter? Christiane Droste, Irene Molina and Francesca Zajczyk Introduction All over Europe, large housing estates are currently undergoing fundamental structural change. In terms of direction and aiming at good urban governance (UNCHS, 1998), the complexity of the problems encountered seems to produce a contradiction between a demand for top-down urban development involving the devolution of governmental responsibilities to governance-oriented structures, and a new esteem for bottom-up initiatives

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135 EIGHT Housing transitions, economic restructuring and the marginalised Andrew Beer, Debbie Faulkner and Chris Paris In his path-breaking book Social Justice and the City the eminent geographer David Harvey (1973) observed that ‘the rich command space; the poor are trapped by it’. A similar observation applies to contemporary housing markets: those able to command resources have unprecedented levels of choice and opportunities for consumption, while the poor and marginalised within society are confronted by an increasingly regressive system of housing

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169 TEN Gender equality, citizenship and welfare state restructuring Birte Siim One of the crucial themes that has emerged as a background and premise for feminist scholarship and debates is the gendering of inequality during the past 30 years inspired by feminist politics. Gender equality has become part of the political agenda in western democracies and social movements have taken up the struggle for women’s equal rights all over the world. Feminist scholars have studied the gendered links between the family, the state and the market and have re- conceptualised

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PARTNERSHIP OR PRIVATISATION? The political economy of local economic restructuring Chris Moore and Jon Pierre The restructuring of local economies in the face of declining traditional industries is a major problem confronting all advanced western societies. This article contrasts the experience of two countries with very differenttraditions of political management of their national economies, namely the UK and Sweden. The authors argue that whilst there are important divergencies in macro political and economic objectives, there isan interesting convergence in

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285 FOURTEEN Restructuring social housing rents Alex Marsh Time for a change The system of finance and subsidy for social housing in the UK has been a recurrent source of concern and not a little exasperation among politicians, commentators and practitioners. In 1974 Anthony Crosland famously described the system as a ‘dog’s breakfast’. Subsequent policy directions and legislative changes have transformed the way the system operates, but have not set the system on clearer, more coherent or more widely accepted foundations. At a more detailed level, the methods

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