105 Part Three Sexual violence This section looks at both those who commit and those who are subjected to sexual violence. The terms victim and offender are used, but with caution. They are labels that can subsume a range of behaviours, motivations, experiences and subjectivities into a ‘shorthand’ that can be unhelpful in addressing complexity. Chapter Seven looks at working with victims of all forms of sexual violence, ranging from the intra-familial abuse of small children to the sexual exploitation of adults through international trafficking. Chapter
Written by leading experts in the field, this timely collection highlights current strategies and thinking in relation to prevention of sexual violence and critically considers the limitations of these frameworks.
Combining psychological, criminological, sociological and legal perspectives, it explores academic, practitioner and survivor points of view. It addresses broad themes, from cultures of sexual harassment to the role of media in oversexualising women and girls, as well as specific issues including violence against children and older people.
For researchers, practitioners and students alike, this is an invaluable resource that maps new approaches for practice and prevention.
Introduction Despite the vast amount of sexual violence research, there exists an important gap in knowledge around older victims and offenders. At a national level, people aged 60 and over have, until recently, been excluded from the Crime Survey for England and Wales intimate violence module, which collects data on domestic and sexual violence. Internationally, the focus of academic research, policy, and practice has been on young women who are consistently found to be most ‘at risk’ of experiencing sexual violence. Consequently, we know very little about
155 Critical and Radical Social Work • vol 3 • no 1 • 155–64 • © Policy Press 2015 • #CRSW Print ISSN 2049 8608 • Online ISSN 2049 8675 • http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/204986015X14235562796096 voices from the frontline Supporting transgender survivors of sexual violence: learning from users’ experiences Sally Rymer and Valentina Cartei,1 firstname.lastname@example.org Survivors’ Network, the Rape Crisis Centre for Sussex, UK Transgender individuals are particularly vulnerable to sexual violence, yet many do not seek, or receive, adequate support following
Introduction The extent of sexual violence experienced by women university students has, in recent years, garnered increased media, political, academic and institutional attention, in the UK and internationally. In England and Wales, the National Union of Students’ ( NUS) (2010) report, Hidden Marks , found that one in seven women students had experienced a serious or physical sexual assault and 68 per cent had experienced some form of verbal or non-verbal harassment, in and around their institution. The study highlighted the extent of sexual violence
, 2010 ; Tibeau, 2011 ). In particular, social work has conformed to this colonial, carceral historical narrative by positioning its partnerships with, and allegiances to, the state as sufficient and effective in addressing social issues. Through this process, partial and hidden histories of marginalisation and violence at the hands of the state continue to be erased and subverted in order to protect the carceral system and social work’s efforts to uphold and carry out its actions. For example, rather than addressing the root causes of gender-based and sexual violence
41 2 ‘Lad culture’ and sexual violence against students1 Alison Phipps Introduction This chapter addresses the issue of sexual violence against students and the concept of ‘lad culture’ which has been used to frame this phenomenon in the UK and has connections to similar debates around masculinities in other countries. This issue is much-researched and debated but under-theorised and, due to a lack of intersectionality, radical feminist frameworks around violence against women are useful but incomplete. The chapter sketches a more nuanced approach to the
63 3 Sexual violence on US college campuses: history and challenges Renate Klein In the United States, research about sexual violence on campus goes back into the 1950s (Kanin, 1957; Kirkpatrick and Kanin, 1957). Many more studies have followed (Fisher, Daigle and Cullen, 2010), and successive waves of rape prevention programmes have been rolled out on campuses across the country. The US Congress has weighed in with federal legislation, the White House took on the issue in 2014,1 and media reporting of campus sexual assault scandals has soared. Yet, the
Key messages Effective intervention in child sexual abuse cases in Nigerian families require a consideration of situational conditions resulting from the intersection of age, gender, poverty, cultural socialisation and religious practices that may lead to revictimisation. Violence against women (VAW) practitioners need to understand the unique ways gender, male power, gendered norms, cultural practices, and insecure immigration status interact to create contexts that directly shape women’s experiences of sexual violence, and revictimisation in order to
25 Journal of Gender-Based Violence • vol 2 • no 1 • 25–40 • © Centre for Gender and Violence Research University of Bristol 2018 • #JGBV • Print ISSN 2398-6808 • Online ISSN 2398-6816 https://doi.org/10.1332/239868018X15155985932192 article Vulnerable bodily integrity: under-recognised sexual violence among girls in residential care institutions Helena Parkkila, email@example.com Mervi Heikkinen, firstname.lastname@example.org University of Oulu, Finland Our focus is on under-recognised experiences of sexual violence among adolescent girls in residential