Immigration has transformed the social, economic, political and cultural landscapes of global cities such as London, Melbourne, Milan and Amsterdam. The term ‘superdiversity’ captures a new era of migration-driven demographic diversifications and associated complexities. Superdiversity is the future or, in many cases, the current reality of neighbourhoods, cities, countries and regions, yet the implications of superdiversification for governance and policy have, until now, received very little attention.
First published as a special issue of Policy & Politics, this insightful volume brings together contributions from experts across Europe to explore the ways in which superdiversity has shaped the development of policy and to consider challenges for the future.
1 INTRODUCTION Superdiversity, policy and governance in Europe Jenny Phillimore, Nando Sigona and Katherine Tonkiss Definition and dimensions of superdiversity Patterns of migration to high income countries until the 1990s mainly consisted of many migrants coming from a few countries to a small number of places. Around the turn of the 1990s, however, a new pattern of migration and associated diversification was observed. In his seminal 2007 chapter, Vertovec highlighted this demographic shift and introduced the term ‘superdiversity’ to describe the effects
168 CHAPTER EIGHT Urban planning and the challenge of superdiversity Simon Pemberton Introduction This chapter is a first major attempt to explore the role of urban planning in responding to migration-related superdiversity. While previous research has been undertaken on urban planning and the multicultural city (Fincher et al, 2014; Burayidi, 2003; Sandercock, 2003; 1998; Qadeer, 1997) as well as planning and diversity in the city (Fincher and Iveson, 2008; Uyesugi and Shipley, 2005; Baumann, 1996), little attention to date has focused on the challenges
643 Policy & Politics • vol 45 • no 4 • 643–60 • © Policy Press 2017 • #PPjnl @policy_politics Print ISSN 0305 5736 • Online ISSN 1470 8442 • https://doi.org/10.1332/030557317X15046028381119 Accepted for publication 09 August 2017 • First published online 05 October 2017 Superdiversity in the post-industrial city: a comparative analysis of backlash narratives in six European neighbourhoods Ole Jensen, email@example.com Open University, UK Departing from the narrow geographical focus often characterising urban research under the superdiversity umbrella
605 Policy & Politics • vol 45 • no 4 • 605–22 • © Policy Press 2017 • #PPjnl @policy_politics Print ISSN 0305 5736 • Online ISSN 1470 8442 • https://doi.org/10.1332/030557317X14835601760639 Accepted for publication 17 October 2016 • First published online 04 January 2017 Integrating superdiversity in urban governance: the case of inner-city Lisbon Nuno Oliveira, firstname.lastname@example.org Beatriz Padilla, email@example.com Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, ISCTE (CIES-IUL), Portugal This paper analyses how urban governance incorporated migration
7 CHAPTER ONE Managing superdiversity? Examining the intercultural policy turn in Europe Leila Hadj Abdou and Andrew Geddes Introduction This chapter critically assesses an ‘intercultural policy turn’ evident in many European cities. It identifies the drivers of this turn and asks whether an intercultural policy approach to immigrant integration is an adequate response to the growing reality of superdiversity in urban spaces. The chapter is in conversation with the rich scholarship on immigrant integration in Europe in the political and social sciences (for
567 Policy & Politics • vol 45 • no 4 • 567–84 • © Policy Press 2017 • #PPjnl @policy_politics Print ISSN 0305 5736 • Online ISSN 1470 8442 • https://doi.org/10.1332/030557317X14972774011385 Accepted for publication 11 May 2017 • First published online 16 June 2017 Transmigration: the rise of flexible migration strategies as part of superdiversity Dirk Geldof, firstname.lastname@example.org University of Antwerp, and Odisee University College, Belgium Mieke Schrooten, email@example.com Odisee University College, Belgium Sophie Withaeckx, swithaec
511 Policy & Politics • vol 45 • no 4 • 511–26 • © Policy Press 2017 • #PPjnl @policy_politics Print ISSN 0305 5736 • Online ISSN 1470 8442 • https://doi.org/10.1332/030557317X14849132401769 Accepted for publication 12 December 2016 • First published online 20 January 2017 Mainstreaming in response to superdiversity? The governance of migration-related diversity in France, the UK and the Netherlands Ilona van Breugel, firstname.lastname@example.org Peter Scholten, email@example.com Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands This article examines mainstreaming
50 CHAPTER THREE Making the most of superdiversity: notes on the potential of a new approach Tina Magazzini Introduction Since the 1990s issues of diversity and of migration management have received unparalleled policy and scholarly attention in relation to a state of affairs of contemporary western societies in which they are increasingly presented as a normal feature of a globalising world (de Jong, 2014; Pécoud, 2009). A 2016 article by Sara de Jong made a convincing case that the two fields (diversity management and migration management) have too often
235 11 Conclusion: Super-diversity, conviviality, inequality Stijn Oosterlynck and Gert Verschraegen In the Introduction to this book (Chapter 1), we argue that the concept of super-diversity captures a number of ongoing diversity-related societal transformations, but also has its limitations. The chapters in this volume each in their own way improve our understanding of living with super-diversity in deprived and mixed neighbourhoods. They aim to contribute to the literature on super-diverse urban neighbourhoods in two important ways. First, overly