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the city: the Detroit metropolitan area has some of the worst job sprawl in the country, with 77% of jobs located more than 10 miles 267 from downtown, and the city itself, now a little more than one third of its former size. But even in Detroit, there is a turnaround occurring; one that had been underway quietly for years prior to the city’s bankruptcy, but that has grown stronger since. Germinated in the absence of a well- functioning city government, the evolution has been led by a loose network of private business, active philanthropic organisations, and

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important to clarify at the outset that its fruits were felt beyond the short period in which it developed (1965–75), in different ways and in the national societies in which it flourished, hence the importance of studies that resume the analysis of its genesis, meaning and further developments. In Brazil, in particular, it materialised in the movement called the ‘turnaround’ (‘ Virada ’) of social work, whose manifestation in academic education, professional work, research, knowledge production and political articulation will be the objective of this reflection. The

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investment agenda for change and the latter seeking to conserve established doctrines. In coalition family policy, Mod and Rocker tensions and alliances can be demonstrated in the socially liberal opening up and moral universalisation of marriage, and the economically liberal and morally categorical dividing off of particular sorts of families as in need of targeted early or turnaround intervention to turn them into responsible worker-citizens (see Table 1.1 in Chapter One). Under the coalition government, families became a cipher for the state of British society

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Introduction When private renting reached an all-time low of about 10 per cent of the housing stock in 2009, the Netherlands became one of the countries in Europe with the smallest private rental sector (PRS) ( Haffner, 2014 ; 2018 ; Haffner et al , 2018 ). Private renting had decreased from a share of 60 per cent of the stock since the Second World War. This decline could not be called a surprise after decades of subsidising homeownership and social renting, while rents were controlled. More recently, a turnaround took place with an increase of

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denied in part or full (see Chapters Four , Five and Six ). In a complete turnaround over the course of a century, social security law has been outwardly degendered but pushes women towards an unequal labour market without adequate compensation for unpaid caring activities. Early state intervention: excluding women as ‘different’ In the early 20th century, the first British unemployment benefit schemes gave preference to male jobs and excluded many women’s occupations from protection ( Whiteside, 1991 ). Trades unions resisted recognition of women’s earnings

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that the Home Office has chosen (or at least negotiated) such a set of PSA targets. the asylum PSa targets PSA Target 7 (SR2002; linked to Home Office Aim 6) is to: focus the asylum system on those genuinely fleeing persecution by taking speedy, high quality decisions and reducing significantly unfounded asylum claims, including by: fast turn-around of manifestly unfounded cases; ensuring by 2004 that 75 per cent of substantive asylum applications are decided within two months; and that a proportion (to be determined) including final appeal, to be decided

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viable progressive movement. To understand the rapid turnaround, the analysis draws upon the secondary city literature that examines the mechanisms through which smaller regional (secondary) cities are able to ‘punch above their weight’ and achieve economic performance unique for their size. In effect, smaller regional cities experience a ‘first city bonus’ due to their proximity to larger primate cities, manifested in economic growth that outperforms larger cities (Camagni and Capello, 2015: 1041). In the original conceptualization of borrowing size, Alonso

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sharp throughout the 1990s and culminated in a political shift to the right in the early years of this century, especially with the rise of the populist politician Pim Fortuyn (Wansink, 2004). There were feelings that people who had traditionally been associated with authority had lost that authority, that ‘gedogen’ had gone too far – and had been a factor in several major disasters – and that the police had become too ‘soft’ (Hoogenboom and Vlek, 2002). Zero tolerance policing: UK and the Netherlands 0 Zero tolerance policing This has fostered a ‘turnaround’ on

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-war draining programme meant to ‘improve’ our moorlands – but which, in reality, only succeeded in degrading them. To achieve the turnaround on the Migneint, thousands of ditches – opened up to speed drainage decades ago – are being blocked as part of an extensive renewal programme. As the nine-year-old explains, in the helpfully sub-titled film, this is important to “re-wet and restore the Migneint to its natural, wet state … to tackle the climate emergency we are all facing”. Restoring peatlands represents one of our greatest climate challenges, while also

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’s system or service that must be addressed if it is to be considered ‘safe’. It is based on our combined experience (and that of others working in similar circumstances – the world of turnaround interims in local authority child protection services is small) in several different authorities which have fallen foul of an inspection and been judged inadequate. It sets out a number of organisational characteristics we consider to be key to the provision of at least safe services for children. Weaknesses in these areas were part of our inheritance when we moved to

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