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237 TWELVE Lessons and future research directions from work environment research in India Martin Hyde, Holendro Singh Chungkham and Laishram Ladusingh Introduction The chapters in this book represent state-of-the-art research on work and health in India. They cover a wide range of topics across a variety of different socioeconomic groups and locations. Yet the task of providing an overview of the issues raised is challenging. Indeed, the overriding impression one gets from the evidence presented throughout the book is that India is a country of

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109 Psychosocial work environment and stress-related health complaints SIX Psychosocial work environment and stress-related health complaints: an analysis of children’s and adolescents’ situation in school Bitte Modin and Viveca Östberg Introduction In the broad perspective applied in Nordic welfare research, Swedish children and adolescents are generally well off. The majority are rich in material resources, have a high housing standard, are seldom subject to threatening events, do not have problems with schoolwork and have good relations with parents as well

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45 THREE Work environment, health and the international development agenda Martin Hyde and Töres Theorell Introduction Global sociopolitical developments including increased economic globalisation, the spread of neo-liberal ideas, the changing nature of work, the development of information and communication technology, and significant demographic changes have had a major impact on the nature of today’s working conditions (Hyde et al., 2006; Kompier, 2006; EU-OSHA, 2007). As a result, psychosocial conditions in the workplace have been identified as

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experienced work environment in non-profit organisations will become increasingly important. A better understanding of volunteers’ experience of being part of and contributing to an organisation might therefore be useful when striving to keep volunteers engaged in long-term projects ( Alfes et al, 2017 ). By applying a qualitative approach, this article aims to provide insights into how the work experiences of volunteers with a longlasting commitment to social work can be explained within the theoretical framework of self-determination theory (SDT) ( Deci and Ryan, 2000

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Prospects and Dialogues

EPDF and EPUB available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence.

Individuals’ behaviours at work are known to be shaped by cold, or cognitive-motivational, processes as well as hot, or affect-motivational, processes. To date, employee proactivity research has mainly focused on the ‘cold’ side. But emotion has been proposed to ‘energize’ employees’ proactivity, especially in interdependent and uncertain work environments.

In this pioneering work, expert scholars offer new thinking on the process by examining how emotion can drive employees’ proactivity in the workplace and how, in turn, that proactivity can shape one’s emotional experiences.

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Risk, responsivity and diversity

A great deal has been written about developing effective practice against a backdrop of rapid change in criminal justice services. Much of this is research-oriented and not always accessible to practitioners in their day-to-day work. This book changes that.

Drawing on research and integrating this with practitioner experience, the book creates fresh, research-based ‘practice wisdom’ for engaging effectively with offenders. It explores issues of risk, responsivity and diversity in the context of work with specific offender and offending behaviour groups as a means to highlight those skills and understandings which can be used across the wider range of work environments. The authors break down complex ideas to enable practical application, and each chapter includes questions for reflection and practice development.

With its accessible style, balancing academic rigour with clear pointers to best practice, this book will interest everyone working face to face with offenders. It recognises that there are no instant solutions to changing offending behaviour but provides a practice text that will encourage a sense of competence and confidence, enhancing readers’ skill and enthusiasm when working with a broad spectrum of offenders.

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The rapid economic growth of the past few decades has radically transformed India’s labour market, bringing millions of former agricultural workers into manufacturing industries, and, more recently, the expanding service industries, such as call centres and IT companies.

Alongside this employment shift has come a change in health and health problems, as communicable diseases have become less common, while non-communicable diseases, like cardiovascular problems, and mental health issues such as stress, have increased.

This interdisciplinary work connects those two trends to offer an analysis of the impact of working conditions on the health of Indian workers that is unprecedented in scope and depth.

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Continuity and change in Sweden

Foreword by Lisa Berkman, Professor of Public Policy, Harvard University

How welfare states influence population health and health inequalities has long been debated but less well tested by empirical research. This book presents new empirical evidence of the effects of Swedish welfare state structures and policies on the lives of Swedish citizens.

The discussion, analysis and innovative theoretical approaches developed in the book have implications for health research and policy beyond Scandinavian borders. Drawing on a rich source of longitudinal data, the Swedish Level of Living Surveys (LNU), and other data, the authors shed light on a number of pertinent issues in health inequality research while at the same time showing how health inequalities have evolved in Sweden over several decades. Topics covered include how structural conditions relating to family, socio-economic conditions and the welfare state are important in producing health inequalities; how health inequalities change over the lifecourse and the impact of environment on health inequalities - at home, at school, in the workplace.

Health inequalities and welfare resources will be invaluable to researchers, students and practitioners in sociology, social epidemiology, public health and social policy interested in the interplay between society and health.

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The Challenges of Managing Health at Work

The relationship between health and work is widely recognised as complex and multifaceted. In the context of an ageing population our ability to enable people with health issues to continue working is becoming more critical. This multi-disciplinary volume brings together original research from diverse disciplinary backgrounds investigating how we can define and operationalise a bio-psychosocial model of ill-health to improve work participation in middle and later life.

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What We Do Makes Who We Are
Authors: and

Can your job change your personality?

While traditionally personality has been considered fixed and stable, recent thinking indicates that this is not the case. Personality can be changed by various work and vocational experiences, such as employment conditions, career roles, job characteristics and training or interventions.

Drawing on a wide array of research in the field, Wang and Wu provide a conceptual overview on how personality can be changed at work by societal, organisational and job-related factors, while considering how individuals can take an active approach in changing their personality at work.

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