Fracking in the UK and Switzerland: why differences in policymaking systems don’t always produce different outputs and outcomes

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Paul Cairney University of Stirling, UK

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Manuel Fischer Eawag, Switzerland

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Karin Ingold University of Bern, Switzerland

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We address a key puzzle in policy studies: why don’t major differences in political systems and policy produce major differences in policy processes, outputs, and outcomes? We show why key aspects of fracking policy are similar in the UK and Switzerland despite the UK majoritarian government being ‘all out for shale’ and Switzerland’s consensus democracy favouring moratoriums. We use the ‘advocacy coalition framework’ and new survey data to show why differences in UK and Swiss processes are subtle. In both cases, actors cooperate and compete with each other by sharing information within and across coalitions.

Paul Cairney University of Stirling, UK

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Manuel Fischer Eawag, Switzerland

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Karin Ingold University of Bern, Switzerland

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Advancing knowledge in public and social policy